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Kenva Birds 

1 1 1 

--. - ,~ ms 


Concern over White-fronted Bee-eaters 

Birds of the Air 

World Birdwatch 2006 Report 

Birds of the Mathews Range 

blume 12, Nos. 1 & 2 


^rwt spflrrowhflwte 

Peter usher 



Vol. 12 1&2 

1 1 [ 


52 Binds of the Air 


"7 Furadan killing birds on a 
large scale in Bunyala Rice 
Fields, Western Kenya 

1 2 Whose Bird?? 

On the cover: "Msimamo' a 
captive African Open-billed 
Stork used to lure storks and 
other birds to Furadan-laced 
bait in Bunyala Rice Scheme 
Photo By: Martin Odino 

News St Notes 

5 Concern oven disappearance 
of White-fronted Bee-eaters in 
Central Rift Valley 

B Nairobi City predators 

Nesting Reports 

1 3 Spotted Morning Thrush feed- 
ing Red-chested Cuckoo chick 

1 A Discovery of a Pringle's Puff- 
back nest at Lake Baringo 

Project; Reports 

1 5 New bird records from the 
Mathews Range Forest 

20 Field notes on the Grey- 
capped Social Weaver Project 

Ot±ier reports 

23 Ringing at Ngulia 2005-2007 

28 World Birdwatch report 2006| 

34 Kenya Waterfowl Census 

41 Records 

Available at bookstores and from Nature Kenya shop at the museum ksh 500 


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Sharpe's Longclaw 
Savina Vultures 

Letter from the XcCitor 

Many of you may be surprised to see this issue of 
Kenya Birds after a long absence. The Bird Committee which 
jointly publishes Kenya Birds (alongside the Ornithology Sec- 
tion of the National Museums of Kenya) has recently been 
prioritizing and restructuring all its publications. Besides 
Kenya Birds, these include Scopus and Merops. Add to 
these, the publication of numerous check-lists including a 
forthcoming revision of the Check-list of the Birds of 
Kenya and you can see we've not just been watching birds, though we 
prefer to! 

As part of the changes in Kenya Birds, I've taken over as Editor from Fleur 
Ng'weno. Obviously, it will be difficult to follow Fleur in this role given 
her immense knowledge, not just of birds, but of the whole spectrum of 
the natural world. Her editorial skills will surely be missed, though I 
hope to tap into them from time to time. So thanks and appreciation are 
extended to Fleur for her tireless work as Editor of Kenya Birds over the 

We are also discussing possible changes to the format of Kenya Birds and 
introducing it online as well. As these discussions are ongoing, I won't 
report on this further until decisions have been finalized. 

In this edition youTl find the old and the new. A follow-up report on 
the most recent World Birdwatch and reports on ringing at Ngulia and 
waterbird counts. We also report on the continued threat of the pesticide 
Furadan to Kenya's birdlife. 

Finally, I must apologize in advance for my roving between UK and US 
English. To organise or to organize, favourites or favorites, these are 
words I am struggling with having grown up writing American English 
and gradually switching to British English over the past eight years (and 
my spell-checker won't cooperate either). So please bear with me! 

Vcwcy Oguda/ 

X 59 K 





Kenya Birds is published jointly by the Ornithology Section of the National Museums 
of Kenya and the Bird Committee of the East Africa Natural History Society. The 
EANHS is BirdLife in Kenya and Uganda. 

The Bird Committee also publishes Scopus, an ornithological journal. For more 
information, contact the Nature Kenya office. 

© Nature Kenya - the East Africa Natural History Society - 2008 
ISSN 1023-3679 

Editor: Darcy Ogada 

Contributing Editors: Fleur Ng'weno, Catherine Ngarachu and Bernard Amakobe 

Printed by Top Art Graphics, Thika 

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Articles and notes for Kenya Birds 

Editor, Kenya Birds, Nature Kenya, P.O. Box 44486 GPO, Nairobi 00100, Kenya 
E-mail: or 

Records and Nest Record Cards 

Ornithology Section, National Museums of Kenya, P.O. Box 40658 GPO, Nairobi 

00100, Kenya. Phone (020) 3742161 ext. 242 or 243 

E-mail: Website: 

Bird Committee • birdwalks and excursions • birding hotline ■• Kenya 
Birds and Scopus subscriptions 

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Back cover 


Inside front cover 


Inside back cover 


Double page spread 


Full page 


Half page, B&W 


News & Notes 

Concern over disappearance of 

White-fronted Bee-eaters in 

Central Rift Valley 

Bird guides and ornithologists have been 

startled by the absence of White-fronted 

Bee-eaters in Kenya's Central Rift 

Valley. David Fisher the Director 

of Sunbird Tours initiated a 

discussion on KenyaBirdsNet 

(E-mail discussion group) 

regarding the fate of the 

bee-eaters after his 

group failed to find 

the usually common 

species in the Rift 

Valley during a 

recent tour in 


Photo: Shailesh Patel 

Traditionally, the bee-eaters are common in the Rift Valley during May- 
July. In fact, reports from birders indicate that few of the birds can be 
found in their usual haunts with only 1 or 2 birds seen in areas where 
in recent years they have been abundant (ex: Hell's Gate). Information 
from birders in Tanzania suggests there may have been a major exodus 
of the birds from the Arusha area in mid-May 2008. It is believed that 
the bee-eaters migrate westwards into the greater Congo Basin. What 
is concerning ornithologists is whether this is a mass movement of the 
birds, or indeed a population crash and what is the reason(s) behind it. 
If you have any further information or have recently seen any WHiite- 
fronted Bee-eaters please E-mail: 


Contributions for this story came from various individuals who responded to 
E-mail discussions on KenyaBirdsNet. 

Darcy Ogada 
October 2008 5 

News & Notes 

Birds of Prey in the City Centre 

On occasion I've encountered 
birds of prey within the Central 
Business District. Several times, 
I've seen an African Harrier Hawk 
flying between and above the 
skyscrapers. I am convinced it 
forages on the numerous nesting 
colonies of Little Swifts. The last 
sighting I had was an all-brown 
immature and previous to that I 
had observed a pair. 

I've also observed a Barn Owl, 
which I saw as it flew above the 
recently reconstructed Globe 
Cinema roundabout around 
8:00 pm. Given its flight path, it 
probably roosts at the Museum 
grounds and emerges to catch rats 
along the heavily polluted Nairobi 
River further downstream. 

Nicholas Wambugu 


Volume 12:1/2 

Furadan killing birds on a large scale in 
Bunyala Rice Fields, Western Kenya 

Martin Odino, Darcy Ogada & Simon Musila 

Ornithology Section, Department of Zoology, National Museums of Kenya 

Photos by M. Odino 


: •.",'. 

'Killing field' where birds are baited and killed for meat adjacent to rice fields 

Furadan is a carbamate 
pesticide intended for use 
on soil and foliar insects. 
Though it is legally available in 
most agro-vet shops in Kenya, it 
has been banned in the UK while 
the USA is currently in the process 
of removing it from the market. 
Due to its broad-spectrum toxicity, 
it has been widely misused to kill 
a wide range of animal species 
that are deemed a 'nuisance' 
by farmers and pastoralists. 
Recent examples of confirmed 
mortalities due to Furadan include 

birds, especially vultures and 
other raptors, lions, hyenas and 
hippos. These animal deaths, 
both deliberate and unintentional 
as a result of scavenging, are 
happening both inside and 
outside of Kenya's protected areas. 

In May 2008, we 
surveys in Western 

Kenya at 
the Bunyala rice fields in Busia 
District. This followed an earlier 
survey in 2007, which showed rice 
irrigation schemes to be amongst 
the main centres of Furadan use, 

October 2008 

but which had also turned into 
prime centres of Furadan abuse by 
casual labourers. The Bunyala Rice 
Scheme attracts numerous resident 
and migratory bird species. Large 
flocks of birds congregate in the 
fields during the planting season 
due to availability of food (rice and 
invertebrates). The majority of the 
local human population earn their 
living by working in the rice fields 
and some of them double-up as 
illegal bird hunters. 

Our surveys indicated that 
poisoning of birds happens on a 
daily basis at numerous sites in and 
around the rice scheme, though the 
peak hunting season, where up to 
200 birds can be caught at a site in 
a day, coincides with the planting 
and harvesting seasons (June 
and October respectively). Bird 
hunters were observed soaking 
grains of rice in Furadan solution 
and using it as bait to attract wild 
birds. Crops of dead birds found 

in the fields contained rice still 
covered in husks. 

One of the most disturbing 
scenarios was that the local people 
are using particular birds as live 
decoys to attract other species to 
bait laced with Furadan poison. 
Bird hunters were observed using 
the African Open-billed Stork as 
a live decoy to lure other open- 
billed storks. The flight feathers 
of the decoys were removed from 
one or both wings to prevent them 
from flying. Their bills are also tied 
with a cloth to ensure they do not 
eat the Furadan-laden baits and 
they are tethered around their leg 
to prevent them from wandering 
too far from the bait. Passing 
storks quickly become aware of 
the easy meal, in this case, snails 
laced with Furadan. The decoys 
themselves were caught after they 
ingested Furadan-laced snails and 
then became disoriented. They 
were then resuscitated using large 


with primaries 
removed. This 
bird will be teth- 
ered and used to 
lure other birds 
to the bait. 

Volume 12:1/2 

quantities of water to prevent them 
from dying. One of the local bird 
hunters confirmed that water was 
very effective in resuscitating birds 
disoriented by the chemical. The 
birds were then kept in captivity 
for the purpose of luring their 
conspecific colleagues. 

Bird hunters collect Bulinus snails 
and use a thin stick to force the 
snail against its shell and Furadan 
granules are inserted into the space 
that is created in the shell cavity. 
The hunters select areas with large 
congregations of birds to layout 
the bait for the snail-eating storks. 
Other Furadan-laced non-stork 
food, usually rice, may also be 
scattered just in case other curious 
birds fly in to join the storks. The 
calls made by the tethered storks 
attract a lot of storks and other 
bird species. The trappers then 
take cover and wait for birds to fly 
in and get intoxicated. Incoming 
birds find food in large quantities 
and start feeding. In a matter of a 
few minutes, the graceful storks 
and other species get disoriented 
and lose coordination, while their 
flight is totally impaired. The bird 
hunters then emerge from their 
hiding spots with sticks and batter 
the still seemingly strong birds 
(usually the bigger species and 
more so, the open-billed storks) 
while the dead are collected and 

put in basins and sacks and taken 
to individual homes for sale while 
still fresh. The remainder are 
smoked and taken to the local 
market for sale where they are in 
high demand. Fresh kills also get 


Wattled Starling killed after eating 
rice soaked in a Furadan solution 

to the market, especially when 
baiting is done to target the 
weekly market day. The local 
people claimed that if the crop 
and stomach are removed prior to 
cooking there is no harm in eating 
the meat. 

Bird hunting around the Bunyala 
Rice Scheme has been ongoing for 
a long time. The irrigation scheme 
started in the early 1960' s, although 
its operations stalled during 1999- 
2000 following the depletion of 
revolving management funds. 
The scheme resumed operations 

October 2008 


in October 2004. In Bunyala, local 
people testified that bird poisoning 
has been happening for much of 
the duration that Furadan has 
been available and the poisoning 
has become common place, 
judging from the broad age range 
of hunters, from youngsters in 
their early teens to old men in their 
70's. One of the hunters quantified 
daily catches from any particular 
trapping site to range from 25 to 200 
individuals of mixed bird species. 
Many species, which were very 
common and abundant in 1990' s, 
such as the Wattled Starling and 
the White-faced Whistling Duck 
have declined noticeably. 

We observed that poverty is intense 
and widespread around the rice 
scheme. Local people we talked 
to said that 200 grams of Furadan 
(cost 100 Ksh) could last one year 
and provide bird meat on a daily 
basis. Thus, Furadan is a cheap 
and very effective (according to 
local people) means to acquire 
meat for the local population. 
The high demand for illegal bird 
meat combined with a lack of law 
enforcement is contributing to an 
ecological crisis in Bunyala (and 
beyond), not to mention the likely 
ill-effects on human health of 
eating birds killed by Furadan. 

To read more about the threat of Furadan to Kenya's wildlife visit 
Wildlife Direct at http// 
Please report any suspected incidents of poisoning to Martin Odino 
at Wildlife Direct, 

Dead birds observed or collected 
during our survey included: 

1 Speckled Pigeon 

9 Fan-tailed Widowbirds 

1 Laughing Dove 

6 African Mourning Doves 

1 White-faced Whistling Duck 

1 Wattled Starling 

3 Helmeted Guineafowl 

-30 Open-billed Storks 

This survey was funded by the 
Kenya Wildlife Trust (www. Initial 
Furadan surveys (2007) were 
funded by the Bird Committee 
of the EANHS through support 
from the Royal Society for the 
Protection of Birds. Wildlife 
Direct provided logistical 
support to M. Odino. 


Volume 12:1/2 

Vulturine Guineafowl 
By: Edwin Selempo 

October 2008 


Whose Bird ?? 

Mike Davidson 

Have you ever wondered 
about the strange names of 
many of our birds? How 
about Kittlitz, Hartlaub, Levaillant, 
Temminck and many others? Well, 
if you had lived during 18th and 
19th centuries and were a scientist, 
doctor, zoologist, botanist or a 
naturalist with independent means 
and a lot of leisure time to travel 
the world and collect specimens of 
many species, you had a very good 
chance of getting a bird named 
after you! It also helped that you 
came from the Western World. In 
total, 331 Britons, 201 Americans, 
161 French, 137 Germans, 45 
Dutch, 29 Italians amongst others 
were celebrated with their names 
on birds. This was the era of 
exploration and travel, with many 
explorers bringing back specimens 
to many museums at home, and of 
course many were friends of each 

Let us start with Francois Le 
Vaillant (1753-1824). He was a 
French traveller, explorer, collector 
and naturalist. He was born in 
Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), 
the son of the French consul. Birds 
attracted his interest from an early 


age and he spent a lot of his time 
collecting specimens. As a result 
he became acquainted with many 
of Europe's private collectors. He 
went to the Cape Province of South 
Africa in 1781 as an employee of 
the Dutch East India Company, 
He was probably the first real 
ornithologist to live in this area. 
He explored and collected many 
specimens, eventually publishing a 
six volume book, Histoire Naturelle 
des Oiseaux d'Afrique. Many of his 
specimens went to his financier 
Jacob Temmink, whose son's name 
is linked with several birds. We 
shall talk about him in a later article. 

In our area we know: 

1) Levaillant/ s 

2) Levaillant' s Cisticola 

Volume 12:1/2 

In other places, there are 
Levaillant's Barbet, Levaillant's 
Bush-shrike, Levaillant's green 
Woodpecker, and Levaillant's 

He is known to have given the 
common name to the Bateleur 
and there are two other birds 
connected to him: 

1) Narina's Trogon— Narina was a 
beautiful Khoi Khoi girl, who was 
the mistress of Le Vaillant! 

2) Klaas' Cuckoo — Klaas was a 
Khoi Khoi servant of Le Vaillant, 
who supposedly found the bird in 


Source: Whose bird by Beo Beolens & 
Michael Watkins 

Spotted Morning Thrush feeding Red- 
chested Cuckoo chick 

During fieldwork at Mpala 
Research Center, I had an 
observation of one of Mother 
Natures' marvels. On two 
consecutive days, I observed 
a young Red-chested Cuckoo 
begging incessantly from an adult 
Spotted Morning Thrush. In body 
size, the Cuckoo is three times 
bigger than the thrush! The thrush 
went about feeding the hapless and 

noisy cuckoo sometimes having 
to prop itself onto a support just 
to be at the same height as the 
cuckoo. It would be a comedy of 
sorts if by some twist of fate the 
parasitic cuckoo parents were just 
somewhere shamelessly observing 
their seed-of-sin creating havoc. 

Bernard Amakobe 

Discovery of a Pringle's Puff back nest at 

Lake Baringo 

It all started on one of my trips to 
Lake Baringo. We decided to go 
on top of the cliffs to one of my 
favourite places. It seems to have a 
different ecosystem. We drove for 
about 15- 20 km until the track ran 
out. The main reason for the trip 

was actually because one of the 
local lads said there was a Tawny 
Eagle with a nest. It was about 
another 5 km on foot. The eagles 7 
nest was a disappointment, but 
on our way back along the track I 
happened to see a nest in an open 

October 2008 


Acacia bush about 2 m high. The 
bird was sitting very high on the 
nest, so I assumed that it had young. 
As I was only about 1.5 m from the 
nest I had excellent views of it with 
my binoculars. When I observed 
the adult bird, it appeared to be 
greyish all over. The beak had a 
black upper mandible and white 
lower. The eye was orange to 
yellow. I set my camera and found 
to my disappointment that the 
bird had flown off. Still thinking 
there were young, I awaited for 
the birds' return. The bird flew in 
and out of the bush and I could 
see that it had a cream front and a 
whitish rump. I found something 
to stand on and to my amazement 
the nest contained three eggs. So 
the bird was trying to get back to 
cool the eggs down. I could not 
get any further away with my 
camera because of bushes on the 
other side of the path. The nest 

was of a very strange construction. 
It was on a horizontal branch. I 
did not pay much attention to the 
other feature, attachment to a thin, 
vertical branch, until I returned 
home and did some research on it. 
I do not know if it is a feature of all 
nests of the species. As I have said 
the nest was of a most unusual 
construction. It was made entirely 
of grass stems. The bird must start 
by arranging these vertically and 
then weaving in and out until a 
height of about 6 cm is reached. 
It looks like a wicker basket. On 
looking at the photograph I can see 
that the vertical stems are turned 
in and used in the lining. The cup 
was made of the same grass stems 
and about 1.5 cm deep. Hence, the 
bird sits very high. The external 
nest diameter was about 7.5 cm 
and internally 7 cm. It was very 
thin walled. It was not until I read 
more that I realised only one other 
nest of Pringle's 
Puffback had been 
found way back in 
^ * 1939. 

Jeffory Coburn, U.K. 

Pringle's Puffback 
nest as photographed 
by the author. 


Volume 12:1/2 

Project Reports 

New Bird Records from the Mathews 
Range Forest, Samburu District 

Bernard Amakobe 1 and Luca Borghesio 2 

1 Ornithology Section, Department of Zoology, National Museums of Kenya 
department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA 

The Mathews Range forest, in 
northern Kenya, is one of the least- 
known places in our country in 
terms of ornithological exploration. 
As part of our effort to improve 
the knowledge of forest birds of 
northern Kenya, we visited the 
Mathews Range twice, during July 
4 - 31, 2005 and from July 13 to 
August 20, 2006. This article lists 
the new bird distribution records 
that we gathered during our 

A safari from Nairobi to Kitich 
Camp in the Mathews Range 
can take you a day if you use the 
Nairobi - Isiolo route, but despite 
the short distance, when you 
get there, you feel like being in 
another world. No asphalt roads, 
no communications, no shop, 
the nearest town being Wamba, 
more than 50 km to the south. In 
the forest, there are few signs of 
human presence, only elephants, 
buffaloes and lions abound. At 
Kitich, a tented camp owned by 

the hospitable and welcoming 
Giulio Bertolli, we were helped 
to choose six competent local 
Samburu guides that are essential 
if one is to survive the vagaries of 
the bush. 

In the hilly, scenic and tranquil 
forest, we set up our camp and 
proceeded to have a near hermitic 
lifestyle for more than a month 
collecting data on plants, insects 
and birds. We had a river all to 
ourselves with (relatively) clean 
water boasting of a biodiversity of 
life. If ever one has bathed in the 
river, then you can understand the 
re-invigoration you get after each 

Kitich, in the central section of the 
Mathews range, is a homogenous 
dry forest, with a closed canopy, 
20-40 m tall. There are several 
open glades created by animals 
— elephants— and of course the 
local human community. The local 
Samburu herders can fell trees to 

October 2008 


Project Reports 

harvest honey, or during droughts 
to feed their animals on the leaves, 
but no commercial logging has 
been documented. This forest is an 
important ecosystem for the whole 
of northern Kenya because it is one 
of the few wet sites in this otherwise 
dry region. Kitich Valley is actually 
exceptional, as it possesses a 
permanent watercourse, with a 
fringe of little swamps that yielded 
several interesting bird records. 

In 2005, we worked at four sites, 
located at different altitudes and 
distances from the forest edge. In 
2006, we restricted our activities to 
the two low-altitude sites, where 
we established some constant- 
effort study plots. 

Landadapo, at 1850 m, is a glade 
used by the Samburu for watering 
their cattle. The forest here is dry 
and dominated by edge species 
such as Olea africana, Strychnos 
henningsi, Juniperus procera, 
Croton megalocarpus and Diospyros 
abyssinica. We worked here for 6 

Orokaela, another large glade at 
1950 m, is the highest point that 
we visited and it is about 2 km 
further to the interior of the forest 
from Landadapo. The forest here is 
impressive, with many trees taller 
than 40 m. Here one finds species 
such as Podocarpus falcatus, Ficus 
natalensis, Manilkara discolor and 

Olea capensis. Human presence is 
very scarce at this site. 

Lorian Lomperai, at 1390 m, is 
located near a spring that creates 
a small swamp with reeds and 
aquatic vegetation. The forest 
surrounding the swamp is 20-25 
m tall, with Croton megalocarpus, 
Diospyros abyssinica and Craibia 
laurenti being the commonest 
canopy trees. 

Soit Ng'iro, at 1400 m, is 
surrounded by low-altitude forest 
similar to that found at Lomperai, 
but taller and denser. Our camp 
here was a few meters from a 
permanent stream, called Ngeni 
by the Samburu. 

During both years, we divided our 
time between birdwatching and 
mist-netting, in order to maximize 
the diversity of our ornithological 
observations. Our mist-net efforts 
ranged between 7-12 nets, which 
were opened 12 hours between 
6:00 am and 6:00 pm. 

In 2005, we mist-netted a total of 523 
birds of 48 different species. And in 
2006 we caught a total of 375 birds 
of 30 species. The species number 
and total count of birds is lower 
for 2006 because in the second year 
rather than dividing the ringing 
effort between intact forest and 
the forest edge, most of the ringing 
took place in closed canopy forest. 


Volume 12:1/2 

Project Reports 

The author ringing a passerine 

In both years we obtained very few 
breeding records, most likely due 
to the aridity of the climate during 
our visits. Thus, of the combined 
total of 898 birds caught during 
the two years, only 14 individuals 
of 4 species had a brood patch 
suggesting breeding condition. 

Apart from the mist-netting, our 
birdwatching sessions produced 
further records of forest birds, 
which brought the total number of 
observed species to 126 for the two 

The river and the associated 
small marshes enticed us with 
sightings and captures of several 
water-dependent species, among 
which five kingfishers (Malachite, 
African Pygmy, Giant, Pied and 
Grey-headed) as well as a pair of 
apparently resident African Fish 
Eagle, and some erratic Green- 
backed and Black-headed herons. 

Another highlight of our mist- 
netting along the stream was the 
Little Rush Warbler, a swamp 
specialist recorded from only a 
few other Kenyan locations. 

We had big successes with forest 
specialist species, which were 
the main focus of our study. The 
Black-fronted Bush-Shrike was a 
good catch. Flocks of Red-fronted 
Parrot were observed flying high 
above the trees in the evening at 
Orokaela; apparently this species 
moves extensively across the forest 
in search of fruiting trees. 

An interesting feature of the 
Mathews Range avifauna is that 
it comprises some species with 
mostly coastal distributions, 
which apparently are resident 
here, sometimes in good numbers. 
These include Eastern Nicator, 
Green-backed Twinspot, and 
Blue-mantled Crested Flycatcher, 
which was very common in the 
low altitude sites. 

Altogether, 50 out of 126 species 
(almost 40% of the total) that we 
observed had never been reported 
for the Mathews Range (Atlas 
square 39C), or had not been 
observed there after 1970, showing 
how incomplete our knowledge is 
of this area of Kenya. Clearly much 
work remains to be done for us 
ornithologists in Northern Kenya! 

October 2008 


Project Reports 

New distribution records for the 
Bird Atlas of Kenya 

The following list reports all the 
new distribution and breeding 
records that wecollected. Following 
the conventions adopted in the 
Bird Atlas of Kenya, the codes are: 
[Pres] for entirely new records in 
the Atlas square 39C, and [Post 
pres] for species already reported 
for that square but not observed 
there after 1970. 

Black-headed Heron [Pres] 
African Goshawk [Pres] One 
individual mist netted 25/07/2005. 
Great Sparrowhawk [Pres] 
Verreaux's Eagle [Pres] 
Ayres's Hawk -Eagle [Pres]. Scarce 
and local resident of forest and 
woodland. We recorded it numerous 
times in July 2005 along Kitich Valley 
especially along forest edges 
African Crowned Eagle [Post pres]. 
Seen many times soaring over our 
study sites both 2005 and 2006. 
Hildebrandt's Francolin [Post pres]. 
Mostly along forest edges and the 
Ngeni Stream 

Scaly Francolin [Pres]. Only in the 
highest-altitude sites 
Tambourine Dove [Pres]. Very 
common at Lorian Lomperai and 
Soit Ng'iro both of lower altitude. 
Only two caught in Orokaela, highest 
elevation point of all our sites. 
Red-fronted Parrot: [Pres] Small 


flocks were observed daily in July 
2005 at Orokaela. 
African Wood Owl [Pres]. This 
species was heard almost every night 
at all sites. 

Freckled Nightjar [Pres] 
Narina Trogon [Pres] 
Malachite Kingfisher [Pres] 
Common Scimitarbill [Pres] 
Crowned Hornbill [Pres] 
Silvery-cheeked Hornbill [Pres] 
Moustached Green Tinkerbird [Pres] 
Eastern Honeybird [Pres] 
Rock Martin [Pres] 
Mountain Wagtail [Pres] 
Yellow-whiskered Greenbul [Pres] 
Cabanis's Greenbul [Pres] 
Eastern Nicator [Pres] 
African Hill Babbler [Pres] 
Abyssinian Ground Thrush [Pres] 
African Dusky Flycatcher [Pres] 
Brown Woodland Warbler [Pres] 
Little Rush Warbler [Pres] One 
individual mist-netted at Lorian 
Lomperai in a swampy patch at forest 
edge on 27/07/2005. 
Cinnamon Bracken Warbler [Pres] 
Mountain Yellow Warbler [Pres] 
Tawny-flanked Prinia [Pres] 
Red-faced Crombec [Pres] 
Yellow White-eye [Post pres] 
Blue-mantled Crested Flycatcher 
[Pres]. Mostly a coastal lowland 
species. This was a commonly caught 
and observed species but only in the 
two low altitude study sites of Lorian 
Lomperai and Soit Ng'iro. 
Brown-crowned Tchagra [Pres] 

Volume 12:1/2 

Project Reports 

Sulphur-breasted Bush-Shrike 


Black-fronted Bush-Shrike [Pres]. 

Netted two birds on 08/07/2005 

in Landadapo, other individuals 

observed also at Soit Ng'iro. 

Waller's Starling [Pres] 

Northern Double-collared 

Sunbird [Pres] quite common as 22 

were netted in 3 of the 4 study 

sites, i.e. Londadapo, 

Orokaela and Soit 



Petronia [Pres] 


Weaver [Pres] 

netted in 

Orokaela on 


also observed 

several times 

at Soit Ng'iro 






[Pres]. This species is well 

represented in all the study sites. 

Quite commonly netted but rarely 


Green-backed Twinspot [Pres]. 

This species was ringed on various 

occasions in both 2005 and 2006. 

African Firefinch [Pres] 13 

individuals all netted in Lorian 

Lomperai between 17/07 and 


Yellow-bellied Waxbill [Pres] 
African Citril [Pres] 
Streaky Seedeater [Pres] 
Thick-billed Canary [Pres]. Mist- 
netted in Orokaela, Landadapo and 
Soit Ng'iro. 

Breeding Records 
Yellow-whiskered Greenbul. 

Probable breeding records as 10 
birds were mist-netted with a brood 
patch in both 2005 and 2006. 
White-starred Robin. 


with brood 
in 2006. 
with juvenile 
plumage were 
also mist-netted and 
observed in the forest. 
Olive Thrush. Several 
individuals caught with brood 
patches in 2006. 

Abyssinian Ground Thrush. Five 
birds netted with a brood patch in 

Hartlaub's Turaco. One dead chick, 
predated by a sparrowhawk, was 
collected at Soit Ng'iro in August 

White-starred Robin 
By: Edwin Selempo 

October 2008 


Project Reports 

Field notes on the Grey-capped Social 
Weaver Project 

Bernard Amakobe 

Ornithology Section, Department of Zoology, National Museums of Kenya 

Members of the Nairobi Ringing Group have 
been assisting a Cornell University Project in 
Laikipia by ringing the Grey-capped Social Weaver 
(GCSW) as a means of conducting behavioral 
studies on the bird which is a cooperative breeder. 

The birds are colony breeders, 
which makes ringing easier as 
we surround a particular tree 
with nets and are able to catch 
upwards of 60% of targeted 
individuals. The project, which 
has been ongoing for the last 
six years, is to understand 
family conflicts and interactions 
within a social group. The 
main facilitator and principal 
investigator is Prof. Steve Emlen 
of Cornell University, USA. 
On top of ringing, we also colour mark all the individuals and take 
blood samples to verify genetic family links within the groups. This is 
necessary as within groups there are two types of parents, what we call 
social parents and the real genetic parents. Social parents are individuals 
who actually feed the young, while genetic parents are the ones that 
copulated but then maybe abrogated their duty to someone else. 

In terms of behavior, the parents, especially the father will force one- 
year-old sons to help raise their siblings. Daughters on their part are 
usually 'married off outside the colony. But as you might have guessed, 
the sons offer resistance and woo mates in an attempt to breed. This 

20 Volume 12:1/2 

Project Reports 

angers the father so much that he 
has no choice but to commit the 
worst punishment. This is to invoke 
infanticidal tendencies of throwing 
out all the eggs of his son, which 
forces the son to come back and help 
at the parent's nest. 

But you may ask, why not daughters? 
The GCSW is a monogamous bird 
and will only take up another 
mate in cases of death, divorce or 
where the capacity of one partner 
to protect and feed the family is put 
into question. There is no incest in 
the group set-up, thus the daughters 
move away from the colony and 
marry into other family groups or 
colonies, which are unrelated. But 
a male can never move off and start 
his own group, so his survival is 
dependent on the goodwill of the 
whole group and his father (in this 
case the patriarch) in particular. So, 
the son must comply with the rules 
or perish. But the daughter is given 
concessions in case she is unable to 
move on. She is allowed to stay so 
long as she toes the line and helps 

One of the ringing 
teams (L-R): Juan 
Carlos, Bernard 
Amakobe, Mary 
Nakeny, Maurice 
Ogoma and John 

in incubating the parent's nest and 
even feeding her siblings. 

The GCSW is a bird besieged by 
numerous natural calamities. Its 
predators include snakes, hornbills, 
hawks and even barbets all of which 
prefer eggs with the exception of 
hawks which take chicks. There is 
also the danger of brood parasitism 
from Diederik's Cuckoo. Wild 
animals especially elephants, uproot 
the trees hosting the nests. 

Prof. Steve Emlen has trained 
numerous upcoming ornithologists 
in field techniques. We now have a 
better insight into the use of passive 
electronic data collection using 
equipment like transponders and 
logger units, and image capture 
using digital video recorders. 

It's fascinating that we can learn all 
this behavior, which mirrors our 
own, from birds, while we always 
presume they live an eventless life 
because of our lack of understanding 
of the intricate behavior patterns that 
lie within. 

October 2008 

Bar-tailed Trogon 
By: Edwin Selempo 


Volume 12:1/2 


Ringing at Ngulia, 2005-2007 

Ngulia Bird Migration Project, Ngulia Ringing Group, 
February 2007 

Graeme Backhurst, 
David Pearson, 
Janette Troop, 
Colin Jackson, 

Discovered in 1969 as a unique 
site for Palaearctic migratory 
birds. Bird ringing at Ngulia 
Safari Lodge (Tsavo West) has 
been undertaken annually for 
more than 35 years. A dedicated 
group of ringers from around the 
world assemble at the lodge in 
shifts during Nov-Jan. Working 
both day and night, the birds are 
caught in fine-mesh nets, gently 
removed, measured and weighed, 
fitted with a light aluminum ring 
on one leg and released to continue 
their migration. 

The 2005 season 

Expectations for autumn 2005 
were not high. There was scope 
for coverage of only one good 
moon session. Thus was the 
stage set for the longest sequence 
of misty nights ever, and at peak 
migration time too, resulting in 
a record annual catch of almost 
32,000 Palaearctic migrants. 

Massive fall 

The fall at dawn on Nov 26th 

proved to be massive, the largest of 
the season with tens of thousands 
of birds in the net area. Over 1500 
migrants were taken overall in 
this day's catch, which featured 81 
Iranias, 47 Spotted Flycatchers, 10 
Upcher's Warblers, 30 Olive-tree 
Warblers and 65 shrikes. A small 
group of ringers usually began 
operating with two nets between 
midnight and 02:00. Overall this 
year, night netting accounted for 
28% of the total ringed and it is 
interesting that this was exactly the 
same proportion as we achieved in 

New daily record 

Monday, 5 December proved a 
particularly memorable day. The 
night team was in action by 22:45 
(on 4th), and five hours of steady 
catching yielded a massive total of 
1436 birds. Finally, a productive 
swallow session brought the day's 
total up to an all-time Lodge record 
of 3523. 

October 2008 



Ringer's Glossary 

'Control' is a bird ringed somewhere then 
caught and released by another ringer 
somewhere else. 

'Retrap' is a bird caught and released where 
it was ringed. 

'Recovery' is a bird found killed or alive by a 
member of the public (or ringer). 


Whitethroat and Sprosser 
dominated the first part of this 
spell. But Marsh Warbler emerged 
as the main species from 29 
November onwards, although a 
couple of daily Sprosser catches — 
894 on 30 November and 1335 on 
5 December — were exceptional. 
Irania numbers varied greatly from 
day to day, but with a noteworthy 
202 over 29-30 November. River 
Warblers were few at first, 
but picked up strongly during 
December and more than 300 were 
ringed over 7th to 8th. 

Most shrikes, Spotted Flycatchers 
and Olive-tree Warblers were 
caught in November, while 
Upcher's and Basra Reed Warblers 
featured in unusually high numbers 
throughout. Olivaceous Warblers, 
Barred Warblers and Nightingales 
were also caught throughout, 
but the last in modest numbers 

compared with 

the exceptionally 
high totals of 2004. 
Willow Warblers 
including a high 
percentage of grey 
yakutensis. On 2 and 
6 December, low- 
feeding swallows 
were attracted to 
unusually high 

concentrations of small moths in 
the grass, and over 750 were ringed 
on both days. 

Palaearctic highlights included 
the first Ortolan Bunting we have 
ringed, a very lean first winter bird 
caught in the bush on 28 November; 
a Eurasian Sparrowhawk and a 
Eurasian Hobby, both netted on 2 
December; two Eurasian Cuckoos, 
one caught on 7 December on 
the same day as an Asian Lesser 
Cuckoo; and a Common Redstart 
on 8 December. A second new 
Afro-tropical species, the Red- 
chested Cuckoo, was added to our 
ringing list on 4 December. 

It was an excellent season for 
variety. Thirty-nine Palaearctic 
species were ringed (never 
bettered and equalled only in 
1995), and yet there were some 
unexpected blanks: no Blackcaps 
or Pied Wheatears, and only single 


Volume 12:1/2 


Northern and Isabelline Wheatears 
and Tree Pipit, only seven Common 
Rock Thrushes, only three Sedge 
Warblers, and just three Eurasian 
Nightjars. Few Afro-tropical birds 
were caught this year. 


It is extraordinary that among 
so many birds we had only one 
control this year, and this a 
Sprosser, ringed three months 
earlier in the Czech Republic just 
south of the Polish border. 

The 2006 season 

In Autumn 2006 Kenya experienced 
some very wet weather at the end 
of 2006, and this had unfortunate 
implications for our season at 
Ngulia. As has happened before 
in such years, nights with mist at 
Ngulia were rather few, and our 
ringing total was the lowest since 
1992, a dramatic 
contrast with 2005. 


The overall ringing total this year, 
8758, was the lowest for 14 years, 
and less than a third of the record 
catch of 2005. The one really 
surprising feature this year was 
the arrival to taped sound of large 
numbers of House Martins. Up to 
800 were counted at times perched 
in the Acacia trees in front of the 
lodge, and 380 were eventually 
caught and ringed between 19th 

and 30th, more than three times 
the total for the previous 35 years. 
Of the House Martins ringed, 374 
were aged as first- winter birds. 
It was also a good year for Red- 
backed Shrike with 203 ringed. 
The 20 Basra Reed Warblers was a 
poor showing after the hefty 180 in 
2005, but this species does fluctuate 
greatly from year to year. Overall, 
it has shown a downward trend 
since the 1970s, suggesting that 
half to two-thirds of the breeding 
population might have been lost. 
Few noteworthy migrants were 
caught in 2006 but there were five 
Eurasian Reed and two (both on 
the same day) Sedge Warblers, a 
Sand Martin (at night), and no less 
than six Blackcaps (none in 2005!). 

Controls and retraps 
A Marsh Warbler ringed in the 
Czech Republic on 28 July 2006 was 
controlled at 03 :00 on 26 November. 
Earlier, on 21 November (06:00), 
there was a retrap from a previous 
season: an Ngulia Marsh Warbler, 
ringed (06:00) as an adult bird, on 
13 December 2004. 


Little of interest was caught this 
season. The star bird, however, 
was the male white morph African 
Paradise Flycatcher caught in the 
7 o'clock morning round on 22 
November: its tail feathers were a 
staggering 320 mm long! 

October 2008 



The 2007 season 

With more cooperative weather 
this year it was back to business 
at Ngulia after the poor showing 
of 2006. A total of over 17,000 
migrants ringed, was therefore 
most satisfactory. The bulk of 
this catch was made in early-mid 
December, and as expected later in 
the season variety was somewhat 


The season's Palearctic catch of 
17,196 compares well with that of 
other recent years. The proportion 
of birds caught at night (37%) 
was higher than usual. During 
December, the most notable feature 
was the abundance of Marsh 
Warblers. The usual minor species 
were all represented and the 
catch of Basra Reed Warblers (85) 
was encouragingly high. A good 
trickle of late Nightingales, Olive- 
tree Warblers and Red-backed 
Shrikes continued through the 
second session, but the showing of 
wheatears and Rock Thrushes was 
unusually poor. 


The usual variety of Afro-tropical 
species was caught in the bush 
nets, and there were some surprises 
at night. In December, there was 
a notable influx of Harlequin 
Quails, with 130 ringed. A 

Common Buttonquail was ringed 
on 3 December. There were few 
nightjars and only six Afro-tropical 
species were caught (3 Dusky, 2 
Plain, 1 Donaldson-Smith's). An 
adult male Steel-blue Whydah on 
3 December was a new species for 
the lodge, and a sub-adult Narina 
Trogon netted at dawn on 17 th 
was only the second record. A 
Singing Bush Lark at night on 9 
December was the first lark ringed 
for many years. The Great Spotted 
Cuckoo at night after the storm of 
11 December was presumably of 
Afro-tropical origin, as probably 
were the few Black-and-white 
Cuckoos, which appeared from 6 
December onwards. 


We thank the Kenya Wildlife 
Service for allowing us to ring 
birds in Tsavo NP and for granting 
team members free entry (since 
2006). At the lodge we thank Mike 
Ndung'u and since 2006, Silas Kiti 
and Mohammed Issak Sheikh, and 
the rest of the staff. The Wetland 
Trust, Rufford Small Grants 
and one member of the Ngulia 
RG provided financial support. 
The Swedish Ringing Centre 
allowed us to use their rings and 
provided support with servicing 
recoveries particularly from 
Roland Staav. We are grateful to 
the EANHS Bird Committee for 


Volume 12:1/2 


funding two Kenyan participants Agriculture Organization of the 

in the main session (2006) and to United Nations and the National 

Wetlands International, Centre Museums of Kenya for funding 

de Cooperation Internationale en three Kenyans in the second 

Recherche Agronomique pour le session (2006) to take samples to 

Developpement, the Food and check for poultry flu infection. 


is East Africa's 


journal published 

by the Bird 

Committee of the 

East Africa Natural 

History Society 

Volume 27 has recently been published and includes: 

THEY MEET T. Londei 




KENYA G. Mwangi&J. Nzilani 

KENYA FORESTS K. Ndang'ang'a, R. Mulwa & C. Jackson 

PRELIMINARY SURVEY... K. Ndang'ang'a, C. Lange, I. Madindou & A. Kuria 

PARK, SOUTH-WESTERN UGANDA R. Felix & C. van Turnhout 

Visit Nature Kenya or E-mail: 
to subscribe and get your copy 

October 2008 27 


World Birdwatch Report 2006 

Philista Malaki, Shailesh Patel & Chege Kariuki 

Bird watching is with us to stay. By some it is regarded as a mild form of 
lunacy; by others as a harmless occupation of children, into which maiden 
aunts sometimes relapse. However, the increasing popularity of this hobby, 
amongst people from all walks of life, attests to the many pleasures and 
benefits which can be obtained from it. 

Adapted from Bird watching in Eilat by David Yekutiel, 1989 

Birdwatching is part science, part 
sport and part art. It is anything 
you choose to make of it. People 
have always enjoyed birds' songs, 
colours and power of flight. Some 
birdwatchers spend their time and 
money in pursuit of rare species 
yet others are happy to follow the 
lives and loves of their local birds 
through a kitchen window. World 
Bird Festival, which includes 
birdwatching activities, is among 
many events organised by BirdLife 
partners around the world, which 
bring people closer to birds and 
nature. Nature Kenya is a member 
of this global partnership of 
conservation organisations, which 
work together to conserve bird 
species and their habitats, and 
through this, to protect the world's 
biological diversity and promote 

the sustainable use of natural 
resources. The idea of uniting 
birdwatching events around the 
world into a single event gave 
rise to BirdLife's first ever World 
Birdwatch in 1993. Since then, 
World Birdwatch has been held 
during one weekend in October 
every other year. Additionally, 
BirdLife Partners in Europe have 
held the European Birdwatch 
annually. In the Americas, the 
BirdLife network has carried out 
bird and nature events annually 
during the entire month of October 
and it is called "Festival Mundial 
de las Aves" (World Bird Festival). 
In Kenya, World Birdwatch 
weekend has involved a large 
number of birders in teams, who 
fan out across the country in the 
hopes of counting the most species 


Volume 12:1/2 


over two days. It is exhaustive, 
competitive and fun. It is also very 
useful in the collection of data 
on bird species occurrence and 
distribution while providing us 
with a general picture of the status 
of our birds. 

The 2006 World Birdwatch was 
officially launched at the residence 
of the British High Commissioner, 
Mr. Adam Wood, who was also 
the Guest of Honour. Festival 
activities, including birdwatching, 
took place in Kenya throughout the 
month of November. Registration 
was open to all and participants 
were expected to submit their 
completed checklists after birding 
during any 24 hr period within 
the month. The 2006 event was 
unique since it lasted a whole 
month, unlike the previous World 
Birdwatch, which lasted only one 

Birders grouped themselves to 
target various sites, where they 
were treated to a great diversity 
of local birds bursting into song. 
It was a long birding vacation for 
many local birding groups and 
nature guides with varied levels 
of birding experience. Every 
participant was eager to know how 
many of Kenya's 1090 species of 
birds he or she could observe and 
identify within 24 hrs. There was 

public participation from a number 
of local conservation groups 
and organizations including site 
support groups, bird watching 
groups and individuals. In total, 
the 2006 World Birdwatch had 
over 300 participants from various 
backgrounds and institutions. 

Prizes were awarded to the groups 
that were able to record the highest 
percentage of species per Atlas 
square within any 24 hr period of 
the birding month. Atlas squares 
refer to locations used in the Bird 
Atlas of Kenya, which documents 
our present knowledge of avifauna 
distribution. In the Atlas, a map 
of Kenya is divided into a grid 
and each cell is referred to as an 
atlas square. This method places 
a bird in a region, approximately 
27 km long (north-south) and 23 
km wide (east-west), as opposed 
to a specific location and is used 
because obtaining exact locations 
for bird sightings is often difficult. 

A team from Murungaru, North 
Kinangop led by Andrew Mwangi 
managed the highest score after 
recording 97 species during 9 hrs 
of birdwatching, or 22% of all the 
species known to occur in that atlas 
square. The team, who included 
Mary Wanjiru, Wachira Kariuki, 
Samuel Chege and Willy Kimemia, 
won themselves a trip to Serena 

October 2008 



Mountain Lodge. Mike Davidson's 
team consisting of Joseph Kariuki, 
Neema Mbeyu, and Bhavisha 
and Shailesh Patel birded at Lake 
Naivasha and emerged second, 
winning themselves a birding 
trip to Naro Mom Lodge. The 
BirdLife team comprising Paul 
Ndang'ang'a, Maaike Manten, 
Samuel Osinubi and Brenda got 
an award for the best team report, 
which was documented as a video. 
The team visited Olorgesailie 
and were joined by Anthony 
Kuria's team comprising, Mwangi 
Githiru, Geoffrey Mwangi and 
Philista Malaki at Lake Magadi 
and Nguruman. In total, 21 groups 
registered for the event. 

Thebirdingmonth was a big success 
we should say! However with a few 
hitches which are always bound to 
occur. Some of the checklists were 
submitted past the deadline hence 
the delay in providing results of 
the winning teams and the festival 
report. Despite this, we received 
most of the checklists from the 
participating teams. With the 
availability of online technology 
for sending bird records, we also 
obtained a number of records 
through Kenya Birdfinder, which 
was very encouraging. Some 
interesting observations were also 
sent through the email listserve, 
Kenya Birdsnet. All of these 

records were then vetted and 
compiled to produce a checklist 
of all the species that were 
observed during the November 
2006 World Birdwatch. The final 
tally stood at an impressive 635 
species representing 72 families 
(the full checklist is available at the 
Ornithology Section). This was not 
bad for early summer! Perhaps the 
number could have been higher if 
the event was timed to take place 
during the peak of migration. 
However, most of the groups 
admitted that they observed most 
of their target species. Among 
birds recorded were Palaearctic 
and Afro-tropical migrants. Also 
recorded were rare species, for 
example, Great Crested Grebe 
which is regionally threatened. 
There were also a number of 
species for which the Records Sub- 
committee was pleased to receive 
records for publication. The 
total species counts for migrant 
categories were: 








The number of migrant species 
recorded was low compared with 
the more than 240 migrant species 
known to visit Kenya. Some of 
the interesting species found by 


Volume 12:1/2 


the avid birdwatchers are shown 
below. These were highlighted 
because they were rare, endemic 
or just uncommon sightings and 
the species were major targets 
for most teams who visited the 
respective locations. 

Participants visited 47 different 
sites. Parts of Northern and 
North Eastern Kenya were not 
well covered. During this period, 
most of the eastern parts of the 
country were experiencing floods 
that rendered roads impassable 
and even those who had planned 
birding trips in these areas had to 
cancel at the last minute. There 
also may have been a lack of 
resources for teams to cover such 

remote areas. Future Bird watch 
events should consider mobilizing 
resources to visit such areas in 
order to have a more complete 
picture of the countries' avifauna. 
Some of these areas are known 
to harbor interesting species e.g. 
Malkamari National Park. Among 
the sites that were visited were a 
number of IBAs (Important Bird 
Areas). The information gathered 
at IBAs forms an important basis 
for monitoring these sites. Future 
events should focus on IBAs, 
especially those with deficient 
and outdated data. This could also 
supplement ongoing monitoring 
work. Areas visited also included 
important wetlands including: 

African Finfoot 
By: Andrew Kamiti 

October 2008 



Manguo Swamp in Limuru, 
Thika sewage ponds, etc. where 
a number of important waterfowl 
species occur. However, it was not 
possible to determine how many 
individuals were observed since 
count data was not included. 

The 2006 World Birdwatch total 
was not as high as it could have 
been. There are a couple of possible 
reasons for this 1) the season was 
poor for migrants in general and 
2) most areas were experiencing 
torrential rains which rendered 
roads impassable. Despite the 
difficult weather conditions, 
the event received financial and 
logistical support from a number 
of generous companies. Among the 
2006 World Birdwatch supporters 
were Safaricom, Serena Hotels, 
Windsor Golf Hotel and Country 

Club and Sarit Centre Getaway 
2006. With the success of the 
2006 World Birdwatch, it would 
be in order to acknowledge the 
enthusiasm and commitment of all 
the participants and the generosity 
of the sponsors. In any event 
involving a lot of people there are 
always some lapses in organisation 
and coordination. Each World 
Birdwatch event is slightly 
different with new experiences and 
lessons to be learnt. We welcome 
any suggestions for improvement 
of the next event. Suggestions 
may be sent to the organisers 
via Nature Kenya P.O. Box 
40658, 00100 Nairobi, or E-mail: 

Black-necked Grebes 
By: Edwin Selempo 


Volume 12:1/2 


Interesting sightings from the 2006 World Birdwatch 


Location where sighted 

Great Crested Grebe 
Black-necked Grebe 
African Darter 
Black Heron 
Black Stork 
White-backed Duck 
Maccoa Duck 
Bat Hawk 

Southern Banded Snake Eagle 
Booted Eagle 
Red-necked Falcon 
Sooty Falcon 
White-spotted Flufftail 
African Finfoot 
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse 
Purple-crested Turaco 
Thick-billed Cuckoo 
Sokoke Scops Owl 
White-faced Scops Owl 
Horus Swift 
Blue-headed Bee-eater 
Eastern Green Tinkerbird 
Hairy-breasted Barbet 
Brown-backed Woodpecker 
Brown-backed Scrub-robin 
White-tailed Crested Flycatcher 
Grey-crested Helmet-shrike 
Clarke's Weaver 

Lake Naivasha IBA 

Lake Bogoria NR & L. Naivasha IBA 

Nguuni Nature Sanctuary, Mombasa 

Lake Naivasha IBA 

Nairobi NP & Lake Naivasha IBA 

Manguo Swamp, Limuru 

Manguo Swamp & Lake Naivasha IBA 

Mida Creek IBA, Watamu 

Lake Bogoria National Reserve IBA 

Arabuko-Sokoke Forest IBA 

Ngong Forest & 01 Donyo Sabuk NP 

Sabaki River Mouth IBA 

Nairobi National Park IBA 

Kakamega Forest IBA 

Nairobi National Park IBA 

Mpala Ranch, Laikipia 

01 Donyo Sabuk National Park 

Arabuko-Sokoke Forest IBA 

Arabuko-Sokoke Forest IBA 

Lake Baringo IBA 

Lake Naivasha IBA 

Kakamega Forest IBA 

Arabuko-Sokoke Forest IBA 

Kakamega Forest IBA 

Langata and Ngong Forest 

Ngong Forest 

Kikuyu Escarpment Forest IBA 

Lake Naivasha IBA 

Arabuko-Sokoke Forest IBA 

October 2008 



July 2006 & January 2007 


Waterfowl Census 

Simon Musila, Mwangi Wambugu & Wanyoike Wamiti 

Ornithology Section, Zoology Department-National Museums of Kenya, 
P.O. Box 40658-00100, Nairobi, Kenya, 

Water bird species are 
important indicators of 
wetland health. Species diversity 
and their abundance are used to 
determine the quality of wetland 
habitats and their ability to sustain 
other aquatic biodiversity. Annual 
monitoring is used to detect 
changes in numbers of individuals 
or condition of sites over time. 
The water bird monitoring 
scheme in Kenya was initiated 
in 1990, as collaborative process 
amongst National Museums of 

Kenya (NMK), Kenya Wildlife 
Service (KWS) and Nature Kenya 
(NK). However, over time a 
host of other local conservation 
organizatons, national and 
international NGOs, as well as 
individuals have been actively 
involved and working collectively 
to sustain the monitoring scheme 
notwithstanding the enormous 
financial challenges encountered. 
The censuses are conducted bi- 
annually (during January-February 
and in July). 


Volume 12:1/2 


Overview July 2006 

Six wetlands in Rift Valley region 
were counted. These were Lakes: 
Naivasha, Nakuru National Park, 
Bogoria National Reserve, Baringo, 
Nakuru Town Sewage Works 
and Njoro Sewage Ponds where 
561,657 waterbirds of 71 species 
were recorded. The most abundant 
family groups were flamingos 
(96%), rails, gallinules & coots (1%) 
pelicans (<1%) and cormorants 
& darters (<1%). A number of 
dead flamingos were recorded 
in L. Bogoria (7) and L. Nakuru 
(1245). Some interesting species 
recorded were: Great Crested 
Grebe recorded in both L. Nakuru 
and L. Naivasha, Western Reef 
Heron in L. Nakuru NP; and Giant 
Kingfisher, Lesser Black-backed 
Gull, Madagascar Squacco Heron, 
African Darter, Little Bittern, and 
Black-crowned Night Heron were 
recorded in L. Naivasha (Musila, et 
al, 2006). More than 160 volunteers 
were involved in these counts. 

Overview Jan-Feb 2007 

Thirty sites in five regions were 
covered. These regions and (sites) 
were; Rift Valley (10), Lake Victoria 
(2), North Coast (10), Central 
(2) and Nairobi (6). More than 
300 volunteers recorded 352,459 
waterbirds of 132 species across 
Kenya. The total was significantly 
lower compared to 1,605,876 

individual waterbirds of 118 
species recorded in January 2006. 
Flamingos represented c.70% of 
the population followed by terns 
(c.14%) and Palaearctic sandpipers 
(c.5%). 246 dead Flamingos were 
recorded only in the Rift Valley 
region (Musila, et at., 2006). 
Most of the wetlands showed a 
marked decline in the numbers of 
waterbirds recorded, although the 
number of species remained almost 
the same compared to January 2006 

The numbers of flamingos, 
recorded only in the North Coast 
and Rift Valley regions, decreased 
by 83% from the January 2006 
census. At Lake Nakuru National 
Park, Lesser Flamingos declined 
by 94% from the previous year. 
The significant decline in numbers 
of flamingos from Kenyan Rift 
Valley lakes could be attributed 
to possible migration to other 
lakes in Tanzania or Southern 
Africa (Simmons & Borello, 1999). 
Numbers of Greater Flamingo also 
decreased by 63%. The following 
interesting species were recorded: 
in Tana River Delta, African Darter 
(4), Little Bittern (15), Black Heron 
(8), Saddle-billed Stork (10), and 
African Crake (1); Lake Naivasha, 
Purple Swamphen (1), and White 
Stork (112); Lake Bogoria, Black 
Stork (4); Lake Nakuru NP, Green- 

October 2008 



backed Heron: Lake Baringo, Collared Pratincole (10) and Lake Magadi, Woolly- 
necked Stork (14). A summary of results in presented in Table 1, a more detailed 
report is provided by (Musila, et ah, 2006; 2007). 

Table 1: July 2006 and January 2007 waterbird summaries 


Totals for January 2007 




-* O 






ti to 
o o 

z o 






Number of Volunteers 








No. of Sites 








Number of Species 








Number of Waterbirds 













Dead Flamingos 
















Cormorants & Darters 








Heron & Egrets 








Storks & Hamerkop 








Ibises & Spoonbills 








Afro-tropical Ducks & Geese 







Palaearctic Ducks & Geese 






Birds of Prey 








Rails, Gallinules & Coots 




















Crab Plovers 




Painted Snipes 




Stilts & Avocets 











Coursers & Pratincoles 



Afro-tropical Charadriidae 








Palaearctic Calidridinae 







Palaearctic Charadriidae 







Palaearctic Tringinae 







Other Plovers & Sandpipers 


























Volume 12:1/2 



Waterbird censusing is an important 
and habitat quality in which resident 
and migrant species occur. Wetlands 
in Kenya are under serious threat 
from lack of proper legal framework 
to protect them, human activities 
such as reclamation, infrastructural 
and agricultural encroachment, 
pollution and siltation. To address the 
challenges affecting the continuation 
of the waterfowl monitoring scheme 
and loss of wetland habitats and 
associated biodiversity, the following 
is recommended. 

1. All stakeholders (government 
and civil society) working for 
wetlands conservation need 
to forge closer collaboration to 
raise funds for waterfowl counts, 
wetlands habitats conservation 
initiatives and regular training of 
volunteers in bird identification 
and waterfowl counting 

2. Building a network of well- 
trained local community 
volunteers at each wetland site 
in order to reduce the overall 
cost of sustaining the monitoring 

3. Government agencies (NMK, 
KWS and National Environment 
Management Authority) need to 
institutionalise the counts within 
their organisations by a financial 

commitment within their annual 
budgets to sustain this important 

4. All stakeholders need to educate 
local communities about the 
importance of wetlands and 
mobilise them to actively 
participate in their conservation. 

5. There is a need to ensure enactment 
of a wetland policy to address the 
loss of wetland habitats and their 
associated biodiversity. 

6. The enforcement of the existing 
laws and legislation on water 
and wetland resources to prevent 
continuous deterioration of 
wetland biodiversity. 


Musila, S, Wambugu, M and Wamiti, 
W. (2006) Monitoring of waterbirds 
in Kenya, July 2006. Preliminary 
Report for July 2006 Census. National 
Museums of Kenya, Ornithology. 

Musila, S, Wambugu, M and Wamiti, 
W. (2007) Monitoring of waterbirds 
in Kenya, July 2006 and January 2007. 
Research Reports of the Centre for 
Biodiversity, National Museums of 
Kenya: Ornithology, 71. 

Simons, R. & Borello, W. (1999). Flamingo 
Migration Routes- Challenges for 
Mozambique. Bird Numbers, 8: 10-20. 

Wambugu, M., Musila, S., Muchane, 
M., Ndithia, H. and Wamiti, W. 
(2006) Monitoring of waterbirds in 
Kenya, July 2005 and January 2006. 
Research Reports of the Centre for 
Biodiversity, National Musems of 
Kenya: Ornithology, 67. 

October 2008 




July 2006 and January 2007 counts 
were financially supported by 
Wetlands International, KWS 
(Wetlands Programme), Turtle 
Bay Beach Club, Tana River Camp, 
Kenya Wetlands Forum through 
the East African Wild Life Society; 
NK (Darwin Initiative Important 
Bird Areas monitoring project); 
NMK; Darwin Initiative's Rift 
Valley Lakes project through Dr. 
David Harper, World Wildlife 
Fund - Lake Bogoria Project 
and Koibatek County Council. 
The Ornithology Section of the 
NMK coordinated the counts in 
addition to providing technical 
assistance. Coordination, logistical 
and actual counts assistance was 
also provided by KWS (wardens, 
scientists and rangers at Lakes 
Nakuru National Park, Elmenteita, 
Naivasha and Bogoria). Counting 
at L. Naivasha was possible 
through boats provided by Lake 
Naivasha Riparian Association, 
Lake Naivasha Country Club, 
Fisheries Department, Elsamere 
Education Centre and KWS. The 

counts organizers are also very 
grateful to all volunteers who 
gave their valuable time and 
commitment to this work. We 
appreciate the kindness of John 
Basthe, Carla Bergmann, Ronald 
Mulwa, Sandra Ruecker, Mwangi 
Githiru and Fleur Ng'weno who 
assisted in transportation of 
volunteers using their personal 
vehicles. We acknowledge the 
support provided by the members 
and staff of A Rocha Kenya for 
counts conducted at the coast 
in January 2007, members of 
Lake Victoria Sunset Birders for 
counting around Lake Victoria, 
as well as members of Friends of 
Lakes Nakuru and Bogoria for 
their active participation in the 
counts at L. Nakuru and L. Bogoria 
respectively. Special gratitude 
to Jennifer Njogu, Rose Warigia, 
Douglas Gachucha, Muoki Kioko, 
Kariuki Ndang'ang'a, Oliver 
Nasirwa, Fred Omengo, Josephine 
Nzilani and all staff and Interns 
at Ornithology at the NMK for 
assisting in many different ways. 

List of Participants in the July 2006 & January 2007 Waterbird Counts 

We are especially grateful to all the volunteers for their continued 
support, time, energy and enthusiasm. The waterfowl monitoring 
program has virtually been running consistently since its inception in 
1990 due to their willingness to participate fully and hopes that this will 
continue into the future. We greatly apologize in advance for missing 
and erroneously spelt names. 


Volume 12:1/2 


Alex Oloo, Alfornce Kibelion, Alfred 
Boit, Alice Muveli, Amos Kipnyarkis, 
Anastacia M waura, Anderson Tuitoek, 
Andrew Mwangi, Anthony Kinuthia, 
Anthony Kuria, Apollo Kariuki, Asha 
Dekow, Bakari Ng'ang'a, Beatrice 
Kisio, Becky Cooksley, Bernard 
Amakobe, Berry Ochieng, Betty Mutai, 
Boniface Kariuki, Brenda Nyandika, 
C. Mugambi, Carla Bergmann, Carol 
Muthoni, Caroline Njoki, Caroline 
Wanjiru, Charity Muthoni, Charles 
Ntagaha, Chege Kariuki, Chege 
Reuben, Clelia Sirami, Colin Jackson, 
Roni Jackson, Consolata Nduati, 
Cornellius Matingi, D. Kamau, 
Daniel Rono, Danson Mbugua, 
Dave Ruto, David Kimani G., David 
Kiptai, David Macharia, David 
Mutea, Davies Lemuta, Dickson 
Kahindi, Dominic Kimani, Dorrie 
Brass, Douglas Gachucha, Edson 
Mlamba, Edward Njagi, Elizabeth 
Nderitu, Emmanuel Wachira, Erick 
Sempele, Esther Wambui, Eva 
Wangui, Evarustus Obura, Evelyne 
Kipsang, Evelyne Silali, Faith 
Mutinda, Felix Kangogo, Fleur 

Ng'weno, Francis Kagema, Francis 
Mburugu, Francis Munywa, Francis 
ngugi, Francis Omondi, Fred Baraza, 
Fred Omego, Gawara Kapuru, 
Geofrey Bundotich, Geofrey Maina, 
George Anyona, George Eshiamwata, 
George Ndung'u, George Ojwang, 
Grace Mwaura, Harry Maina, Henry 
Odhiambo, Ireri Waweru, Isaac 
Gathitu, Jackson Komen, Jacob 
Kimani, Jacob Odera, Jacquiline 
Mutwiri, James Gichia, James Kimaru, 
James Kipterem, James Kiptoo, 
James Maina, James Njoroge, James 
Wachira, James Wawire, Jane Demba, 
Jane M kibwage, Jane Ndemba, Jane 
Njeri, Jane Wachuka, Jane Wambugu, 
Jayne Njeri, Jennifer Njogu, Jennifer 
Odouri, Jepkemoi Susan, Jimmy 
Ngamau, Joan Nesbitt, Joel Siele, 
Johanna Mauleone, John Kariuki, John 
Ochieng, Johnson Kafulo, Johnstone 
Parturo, Jonathan Musyoka, Joseph 
Edebe, Joseph Barseron, 

Great Cormorant By: Edwin Selempo 

October 2008 



Joseph Mwangi, Joseph Njoroge, 
Josephine Nzilani, Joshua Mutunga, 
Joshua Wambugu, Karim, Karimi 
Murage, Kariuki Ndang'ang'a, Kimani 
Ndung'u, Kioko Muoki, Kuloba 
Bernard, Kuria Ndung'u, Laban 
Ngetich, Leah Koiyet, Lear Komiet, 
Lucy Muithui, Lucy Wangeci, Lydiah 
Jerono, Maaike Manten, Marceline 
Awuor, Margaret Wakuhi, Mariam 
Abdalla, Martha Nzisa, Martin Odino, 
Mary Mbatia, Mary Mbenge, Mary 
Njuguna, Mary Warui, Mathew 
Ngashar, Mercy Ndara, Mercy Njeri, 
Meshack Musau, Michael Bergmann, 
Michael Wairoma, Moses Khazalwa, 
Moses Kinuthia, Moses Mitau, Moses 
Owino, Musa Kayamba, Mwangi 
Githiru, Mwangi Joseph, Mwangi 
Karuba, Nancy Chepkorir, Nancy 
Ngari, Nelly Onyango, Nicholus Kiritu, 
Nicodemus Nalianya, Njoki Kariuki, 
Omonge Omondi, Patricia Thiong'o, 
Patrick Kurere, Paul Simpson, Peter 

Gichunge, Peter Muriithi, Peter 
Njoroge, Peter Odhiambo, Peter 
Usher, Philip Chou, Philip Osano, 
Philista Malaki, Qaisha Shah, Rachel 
Mwihaki, Raphael Cherono, Raphael 
Cherop, Raphael Kitema, Rebecca 
Vande Griend, Reuben Ndolo, Reuben 
Ngeete, Rodgers Boit, Ronald Mulwa, 
Rose Warigia, Samson Kuria, Samuel 
Kangogo, Samuel Muli, SamuelMungai, 
Samuel Muraya, Samuel Mwangi, 
Samuel Osinubi, Samuel Wamae, 
Samuel Mungai, Sandra Ruecker, 
Serah Warui, Set Sokol, Shailesh Patel, 
Shampei Kambe, Simon Joachim Kiiru, 
Stephen Amunari, Stephen Mathenge, 
Stephen Mwangi, Susanna George, 
Thecla Mutia, Timothy mwinami, Tito 
Imboma, Tonny Wambugu, Toshiaki 
Suzuki, Veryl Obodi, Victor Maribong, 
Wachira Gitari, Wambua Musyoki, 
William Kipkoech, Willy Chepsoi, 
Wilson Kamande, Wilson Leboo, 
Wilson Lemegiri and Yuki. 


By: Edwin Selempo 

Volume 12:1/2 



Compiled by the Records 

Sub-committee of the 
EANHS Bird Committee 

Key to records 

For new Atlas records, the species 
number as it appears in the Atlas is 
placed in brackets after the name: 
e.g. Whinchat (A#653). The new 
records themselves are indicated 
in square brackets. Codes are; pres, 
present (first record); post pres, 
present (first post-1970 record). 
The English names follow the 
Check-list of the Birds of Kenya, 
3 rd edition, EANHS, Nairobi, 1996. 


This report includes records from 
World Birdwatch 2003 through 
2004. A few records from 1999, 
2000 and 2002 are included. Many 
records are from the Coast; like 
Shimoni -114C and Sabaki River 
Mouth - 103 A, also Sosian Ranch - 
62B and Bobong - 50B in Laikipia. 
An Atlas square is divided into 
quarter squares and given the 
letters A, B, C and D. For example 
Nairobi falls in Atlas square 75 and 
in quarter square 75B. 

A lot of new information for the 
Atlas has come in from areas rarely 
visited by birders, most notably 
Eburu Forest near Naivasha 
Black-billed Weaver and 
Department of Ornithology staff 
doing research at Mkogodo Forest 
- Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon 

and Red-capped Robin-Chat. 

But new birds also continue to be 
found in well-watched squares 
such as Nairobi- Pel's Fishing 
Owl and Lesser Jacana. In Lake 
Elmentaita -the southern-most 
record of Chestnut-banded Plover 
during the Waterbird Counts. 


The Records Sub-committee 
members are Itai Shanni, Shailesh 
K. Patel, Colin Jackson and John 
Musina. We would like to thank 
the Ornithology Section, National 
Museums of Kenya, for their help 
and support. 


Isabelline Wheatear (A#638): [Pres 
36D] Kanyarkwat and Tartar, north of 
Kitale, 5/12/03, RJB, NS, MSi, GM 


Great White Pelican (A#16): [Pres 
63 A] Mountain Forest, Burguret Dam, 
4-5/10/03, SVCG 

Pink-backed Pelican (A#17): [Pres 
89 A] Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu Location, 
DWA Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, ALA, EA, 

African Darter (A#23): [Pres 63A] 
Mountain Forest, Burguret Dam, 4- 
5/10/03, SVCG; [Pres50D] Mpala 
Research Centre, Laikipia , 5/10/2003, 
WN, FL, ABr, SR, PL, NG, STa 

Green-backed Heron (A#34): [Pres 
62D] Kedong Valley, Mai Mahiu, 
4/10/03, IB, JM,JoM 

African Spoonbill (A#57): [Pres 63A] 
Mountain Forest, Burguret Dam, 4- 
5/10/03, SVCG 

October 2008 



Egyptian Goose (A#64): [Presll4B] 
Mombasa, 4-5/10/03, MR, ST, JKo, 
JNd, JMu, TM, NKo 

Spur-winged Goose (A#65): 

[Presll4C] Shimoni, Lunga Lunga, 
4/10/03, SP,BdB, IS, GSp 

Hottentot Teal (A#77): [Presl03A] 
Lake Chemchem, Malindi, 4-5/10/03, 
CJ, JMwa, JBa, NM 

White-backed Duck (A#84): 

[Presl03A] Lake Chemchem, Malindi, 
4-5/10/03, CJ, JMwa, JBa, NM 

African Marsh Harrier (A#98): 
[Presll4C] Shimoni, Lunga Lunga, 
4/10/03, SP, BdB, IS, GSp; [Pres 50B] 
Ol Maisor Ranch, Sosian along Ngare 
Narok River, 4/10/03, MK, MB 

Great Sparrowhawk (A#104): [Pres 
114C] Shimoni, Lunga Lunga, 5/10/03, 
SP, BdB, IS, GSp 

Martial Eagle (A#123): [Pres 114C] 
Shimoni, Lunga Lunga, 5/10/03, SP, 
BdB, IS, GSp 

Wahlberg's Eagle (A#133): [Pres 114C] 
Shimoni, Lunga Lunga, 4/10/03, SP, 
BdB, IS, GSp 

Greater Kestrel (A#158): [Pres36D] 
Kanyarkwat and Tartar, north of 
Kitale, 5/10/03, RJB, NS, MSi, GM 

Coqui Francolin (A#172): [Pres 103A] 
Malindi, 4-5/10/03, CJ, JMwa, JBa, 


Red-knobbed Coot (A#197): [Pres 
103 A] Lake Chemchem, Malindi, 
4/10/03, CJ, JMwa, JBa, NM 

Common Moorhen (A#201): [Pres 
103 A] Lake Chemchem, Malindi, 
4/10/03, CJ, JMwa, JBa, NM; [Pres 
48D] Kakamega Forest, 4-5/10/03, 

Blacksmith Plover (A#217): [Pres 
60B] WCK, Impala Park, Kisumu and 

Dunga Beach, 4/10/03, MW, WHa, 
MOd, AbM, DK, Jam 

Black-faced Sandgrouse (A#319): 

[Pres 76A] Waridi Farm, Athi, 5/10/03, 

African Mourning Dove (A#329): 
[Pres 62D] Kedong Valley, Mai Mahiu, 
5/10/03, IB, JaM, JoM; [Pres 103A] 
Malindi, 4-5/10/2003, DN, AM, SJ, 
MM, JKa, TK, RM 

Red-eyed Dove (A#330): [Pres 50B] 
Ol Maisor Ranch, Sosian along Ngare 
Narok River, 4/10/03, MK, MB 

Tambourine Dove (A#335): [Pres 50B] 
Ol Maisor Ranch, Sosian along Ngare 
Narok River, 4/10/03, MK, MB 

African Orange-bellied Parrot 

(A#343): [Pres 114C] Shimoni, Lunga 
Lunga, 5/10/03, SP, BdB, IS, GSp; 
[Pres 50B] Marura Swamp, Ewaso 
Narok River, Rumuruti, 5/10/03, MK, 

Brown-headed Parrot (A#345): [Pres 
103A] Malindi, 4/10/03, CJ, JMwa, 
JBa, NM 

Feral Lovebird (A#349): [Pres 76A] 
Waridi Farm, Athi, 5/10/03, BC, AC, 

Bare-faced Go-away-bird (A#353): 
[Pres 75C] Oloibortoto River, 
Nguruman Escarpment, 5/10/03, FN, 
MuK, NSoS, DFr, EH 

White-bellied Go-away-bird (A#354): 
[Pres 103A] Malindi, 4/10/03, CJ, 
JMwa, JBa, NM 

African Grass Owl (A#380): [Pres50B] 
Ol Maisor Ranch, Sosian along Ngare 
Narok River, 4/10/03, MK, MB 

Verreaux's Eagle (A#387): [Pres 76A] 
Waridi Farm, Athi, 5/10/03, BC, AC, 

Dusky Nightjar (A#400): [Pres 76A] 


Volume 12:1/2 


Waridi Farm, Athi, 5/10/03, BC, AC, 

Mottled Spinetail (A#412): [Pres 
103A] Malindi, 4/10/03, CJ, JMwa, 
JBa, NM 

Mottled Swift (A#416): [Pres 103A] 
Malindi, 4-5/10/03, DN, AM, SJ, MM, 
JKa, TK, RM 

Lilac-breasted Roller (A#455): [Pres 
48D] Kakamega Forest, 4-5/10/03, 

Abyssinian Scimitarbill (A#463): 

[Pres 76 A] Waridi Farm, Athi, 5/10/03, 

Von der Decken's Hornbill (A#470): 

[Pres 103A] Malindi, 4-5/10/03, CJ, 
JMwa, JBa, NM 

Red-fronted Barbet (A#482): [Pres 
89A] Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu Location, 
DWA Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, ALA, EA, 

Red-fronted Tinkerbird (A#493): 

[Pres 62D] Kedong Valley, Mai Mahiu, 
5/10/03, IB, JaM,Jom 

Scaly-throated Honey guide (A#503): 

[Pres 103 A] Lake Chemchem, Malindi, 
4/10/03, CJ, JMwa, JBa, NM 

Pallid Honeyguide (A#505): [Pres 
103 A] Lake Chemchem, Malindi, 
4/10/03, CJ, JMwa, JBa, NM 

Bearded Woodpecker (#520): [Pres 
76A] Waridi Farm, Athi, 5/10/03, BC, 

Williams' Lark (A#535): [Pres 51B] 
Shaba NR, 6/10/03, SP, CKa, BdB, 

Red-capped Lark (A#540): [Pres 76A] 
Waridi Farm, Athi, 5/10/03, BC, AC, 

Fischer's Sparrow Lark (A#545): [Pres 
63 A] Mountain Forest, Burguret Dam, 
4-5/10/03, SVCG 

Plain Martin (A#549): [Pres 114C] 
Shimoni, Lunga Lunga, 4/10/03, SP, 
BdB, IS, GSp 

Mosque Swallow (A#557): [Pres 89 A] 
Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu Location, DWA 
Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, ALA, EA, JACH, 
DHe, KH, JM 

Rock Martin (A#560): [Pres 50B] 
Marura Swamp, Ewaso Narok River, 
Rumuruti, 5/10/03, MK, MB 

Scaly Chatterer (A#596): [Pres 103A] 
Malindi, 4-5/10/03, DN, AM, SJ, MM, 
JKa, TK, RM 

Brown Babbler (A#602): [Pres 36D] 
Kanyarkwat and Tartar, north of 
Kitale, 5/10/03, RJB, NS, MSi, GM 

Grey Cuckoo-shrike (A#607): [Pres 
62C] Eburu Forest, 4/10/03, ZM; 
[Presl02B] Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, 4- 
5/10/03, DN, AM, SJ, MM, JKa, TK, 

[Pres 74A] Ol Chorro Oirouwa Wildlife 
Trust and Mara Safari Club, 12 km 
north of Aitong, 5/10/03, DA, MC, 

Mountain Yellow Warbler (A#703): 
[Pres 62C] Eburu Forest, Greenpark 
Naivasha, 4-5/10/03, 'Munchpile 
Team' c/o PH 

African Moustached Warbler (A#709): 

[Pres 63 A] Mountain Forest, Burguret 
Dam, 4-5/10/03, SVCG 

Rattling Cisticola (A#727): [Pres 63A] 
Mountain Forest, Burguret Dam, 4- 
5/10/03, SVCG 

Boran Cisticola (A#728): [Pres 50B] 
Ol Maisor Ranch, Sosian along Ngare 
Narok River, 4/10/03, MK, MB 

Black-throated Apalis (A#751): [Pres 
89A] Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu Location, 
DWA Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, ALA, EA, 

October 2008 



Grey Wren Warbler (A#761): [Pres 
50D] Mpala Research Centre, Laikipia, 
, 4/10/03, WN, FL, ABr, SR, PL, NG, 

White-browed Crombec (A#769): 
[Pres 62C] Eburu Forest, 4/10/03, ZM 

Black-headed Batis (A#798): [Pres 
36D] Kanyarkwat and Tartar, north 
of Kitale, 5/10/03, RJB, NS, MSi, GM; 
[Pres 89A] Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu 
Location, DWA Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, 

Pygmy Batis (A#800): [Pres 89A] 
Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu Location, DWA 
Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, ALA, EA, JACH, 
DHe, KH, JM 

White-tailed Crested Flycatcher 

(A#809): [Pres 62C] Eburu Forest, 
4/10/03, ZM 

Rosy-breasted Longclaw (A#827): 
[Pres 103A] Malindi, 4-5/10/03, DN, 
AM, SJ, MM, JKa, TK, RM 

Mountain Wagtail (A#833): [Pres 50B] 
Marura Swamp, Ewaso Narok River, 
Rumuruti, 5/10/03, MK, MB 

Pringle's Puffback (A#838): [Pres 
89 A] Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu Location, 
DWA Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, ALA, EA 

Sulphur-breasted Bush-Shrike 

(A#852): [Pres 62D] Kedong Valley, 
Mai Mahiu, 4/10/03, IB, JaM, JoM; 
[Pres 103A] Malindi, 4/10/03, CJ, 
JMwa, JBa, NM 

Doherry's Bush-Shrike (A#856): 
[Pres 62C] Eburu Forest, Greenpark 
Naivasha, 4-5/10/03, 'Munchpile 
Team' c/o PH 

Somali Fiscal (A#866): [Pres50B] Ol 
Maisor Ranch, Sosian along Ngare 
Narok River, 4/10/03, MK, MB 

Ruppell's Long-tailed Starling 

(A#881): [Pres 103 A] Malindi, 4/10/03, 
CJ, JMwa, JBa, NM 

Superb Starling (A#890): [Pres 114B] 
Mombasa, 4-5/10/03, MR, ST, JKo, 
JNd, JMu, TM, NKo 

Sharped Starling (A#897): [Pres 62C] 
Eburu Forest, 4/10/03, ZM 

Abyssinian White-eye (A#939): [Pres 
63A] Wajee Nature Park, Mukurweini, 
4/10/03, EM, JN,NMwa 

Vitelline Masked Weaver (A#954): 

[Pres 76A] Waridi Farm, Athi, 5/10/03, 

Chestnut Weaver (A#956): [Pres 114A] 
Mrima Hill, Mrima, 5/10/03, SP, BdB, 
IS, GSp 

Black-billed Weaver (A#964): 

[Pres 62C] Eburu Forest, Greenpark 
Naivasha, 4-5/10/03, 'Munchpile 
Team' c/o PH 

Red-headed Quelea (A#987): [Pres 
103A] Malindi, 4-5/10/03, DN, AM, 
SJ, MM, JKa, TK, RM 

House Sparrow (A#992): [Pres 74 A] 
Ol Chorro Oirouwa Wildlife Trust 
and Mara Safari Club, 12 km north of 
Aitong, 5/10/03, DA, MC, DM; [Pres 
63 A] Mountain Forest, Burguret Dam, 
4-5/10/03, SVCG; [Pres50B] Ol Maisor 
Ranch, Sosian along Ngare Narok 
River, 4/10/03, MK, MB 

Grey-capped Social Weaver (A#1000): 

[Pres 103A] Malindi, 4-5/10/03, DN, 
AM, SJ, MM, JKa, TK, RM 

White-headed Buffalo Weaver 
(A#1004): [Pres 50B] Ol Maisor Ranch, 
Sosian along Ngare Narok River, 
4/10/03, MK, MB 

Peter's Twinspot (A#1013): [Pres 89A] 
Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu Location, DWA 
Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, ALA, EA JACH, 
DHe, KH, JM 


Volume 12:1/2 


Crimson-rumped Waxbill (A#1031): 

[Pres 103A] Malindi, 4/10/03, CJ, 
JMwa, JBa, NM 

Black-cheeked Waxbill (A#1035): 

[Pres 36D] Kanyarkwat and Tartar, 
north of Kitale, 5/10/03, RJB, NS, 
MSi, GM 

Black-&-White Mannikin (A#1042): 

[Pres 89A] Kibwezi, Kikumbulyu 
Location, DWA Estate Ltd, 5/10/03, 

OTHER RECORDS, 1999-2004 

Gadwall (A#71): [Pres 76A] Thika 
Sewage Treatment Ponds, 24/01/03, 

Northern Pintail 

(A#75): [Pres 61B] 
Kerusoi Dam, 
16/2/04, EH 

Pallid Harrier 

(A#95): [Pres 
74B] Loita Plains, 
9/12/01, SP, 
BdB; IS 

Eurasian Marsh 

Harrier (A#97): 

[Pres 50D] Mpala 

Ranch, Laikipia, 2/4/04, 

SP; [Pres 74B] Loita Plains, 

9/12/01, SP, BdB, IS 

Eurasian Honey Buzzard (dark 
morph) (A#137): [Pres 114C] Shimoni 
Road, 13/4/04, AB, RB, BF, JH 

Barbary Falcon (A#144): [Pres 2C] A 
pair, 19 kms out of Lokichokio on the 
Lodwar Rd, 28/01/04, IS, BC; [Pres 
89C] Kilaguni Lodge, Tsavo West NP, 
14/6/03, IS 

Ringed Plover (A#227): [Pres 76A] 
Thika Sewage Treatment Ponds, 
18/1/04, SBW 

Common Redshank (A#259): [Pres 
76A] Thika Sewage Treatment Ponds, 
24/01/03, BF, IS 

Slender-billed Gull (A#297): [Pres 
62C] A non-breeding adult, Naivasha 
Country Club, 14/12/03, BF, IS 

Gull-billed Tern (A#301): [Pres 114C] 
Mwazaro Beach, Shimoni, 2-6/02/03, 

BdB, ED 

Eurasian Nightjar (A#401): [Pres 
63A] Naro Moru side, Mt Kenya, 14- 
16/03/03, BdB, ED 

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater (A#447): 
[Pres 114C] Mwazaro Beach, Shimoni, 
2-6/02/03, BdB, ED 

Greater Short-toed Lark (A#539): 
[Pres 62B] Solio road from Naro Moru, 
7/12/03, BF 

Black-eared Wheatear (A#641): [Pres 
50D] Mpala Ranch, Laikipia in the red 
soils, 25/3/03, Tim 

Olive-tree Warbler (A#700): [Pres 
75C] Magadi Road, 11/01/04, IS 

Semi-collared Flycatcher: Possible 
female on the edge of the forest, Udo's 
camp, Kakamega Forest, 03/04/03, 

Ortolan Bunting (A#1049): [Pres 
49 A] Sergoit Hill and surroundings, 
14/1/04, CK; [Pres 51B] Buffalo 
Springs NR, 6-8/10/04, SP, Tim 


Sooty Shearwater (A#): [Pres 103A] 
Beach in front of Mwamba, 3/6/04, 


Great Crested Grebe (A#4): [Pres 
38D] in a dam about 2 kms west of 
Suguta Mugie Springs, North Laikipia, 
6/4/04, PF 

October 2008 



Pink-backed Pelican (A#17): [Pres 
114C] Mwazaro Beach, Shimoni, 2- 
6/02/03, BdB, ED 

Brown Booby (A#20): [Pres 114B] off 
Funzi Island, South Coast, 17/12/03, 

Dimorphic Egret (A#39): [Pres 114C] 
Mwazaro Beach, Shimoni, 2-6/02/03, 
BdB, ED 

Woolly-necked Stork (A#48): [Pres 
76A] Thika Sewage Treatment Ponds, 
19/2/03, SP, BdB, IS 

Marabou Stork (A#50): [Pres 62C] 
Lake Naivasha, 16-17/10/04, SP, Tim 

Cape Teal (A#69): [Pres 103A] Sabaki 
River Mouth, Malindi, 31/5/03, 

Brown Snake Eagle (A#101): [Pres 
74B] Loita Plains, 9/12/01, SP, BdB, IS 

Ovambo Sparrowhawk (A#105): [Pres 
61A] Kilgoris High, 27/5/03, PK 

Mountain Buzzard (A#116): Pres 51D] 
Ngaia Forest, Tower Road, Nyambeni 
Hills, 9/6/04, BF 

Common Kestrel (A#159): [Pres 74B] 
Loita Plains, 9/12/01, SP, BdB, IS 

Buff-spotted Flufftail: A pair seen at 
Mountain Lodge, 17/01/04, MO 

Red-knobbed Coot (A#197): [Pres 
103A] Lake Chemchem, 13/11/03, CJ, 
FA, KdJ, BdB 

Lesser Jacana (A#212): [Pres 75B] 
Karen Country Club, Nairobi, 8/9/99, 

Long-toed Plover (A#215): [Pres 62A] 
Lake Nakuru NP, 27/7/03, WBC 

Blacksmith Plover (A#217): [Pres 
103 A] Sabaki River Mouth, Malindi, 
31/5/03, NbiRG 

Spur-winged Plover (A#218): [Pres 
62B] Sosian Ranch, Laikipia, 3-9/2/04, 

RT, SL & students; [Pres 76A] Thika 
Sewage Treatment Ponds, 18/1/04, 

Chestnut-banded Plover (A#230): 

[Pres 62A] Lake Elmenteita, 25/01/03, 

Collared Pratincole (A#282): [Pres 
102B] Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, 
16/4/03, NbiRG; [Pres 88C] Amboseli 
Plains, 7/12/2003, BF 

Feral Pigeon (A#323): [Pres 75C] Lake 
Magadi, 21/6/03, NKMT 

Speckled Pigeon (A#324): [Pres 102B] 
Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, 30/5/03, 
DGa, DN 

Olive Pigeon (A#325): [Pres 114C] 
Mwazaro Beach, Shimoni, 2-6/02/03, 
BdB, ED 

Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon 

(A#326): [Pres 51C] Mkogodo Forest, 
Timau, 2-16/6/04, TAd, RMu 

Red-eyed Dove (A#330): [Pres50B] 
Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula Swamp 
near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, EK, TI, 
KA, MKh, MB 

Dusky Turtle Dove (A#332): [Pres 
102B] Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, 
30/5/03, DGa, DN 

African Green Pigeon (A#340): 
[Pres50B] Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula 
Swamp near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, 
EK, TI, KA, MKh, MB 

Red-fronted Parrot (A#342): [Pres 
51D] Nkunga Sacred lake, Meru, 
20/6/03, KD 

Feral Lovebird (A#349): [Pres 76 A] Juja 
Farm, Kalimoni, 22/11/03, NKMT 

Eastern Grey Plantain Eater (A#352): 
[Pres 61A] Kilgoris, 27/5/03, PK 

Levaillant's Cuckoo (A#364): [Pres 
52C] Meru NP, 10/02/03, Sophie 


Volume 12:1/2 


Barn Owl (A#381): [Pres 101D] Taita 
Discovery Center, Rukinga Ranch, 7- 
8/05/03, BF, IS, BdB 

Pel's Fishing Owl (A#388): [Pres 75B] 
Mbagathi River, Nairobi NP, 9/02/03, 

African Barred Owlet (A#390): [Pres 
114B] Diani, 16-19/12/04, SP, Tim, 

Pearl-spotted Owlet (A#391): [Pres 
76C] E. A. Portland Cement, Athi River, 
20/4/03, NKSB 

Plain Nightjar (A#402): [Pres 103A] 
Sabaki River Mouth, Malindi, 31/5/03, 

African Palm Swift (A#415): [Pres 
62C] Eburu Forest, 6/8/03, DGa, MZ, 
MK; [Pres 76C] E.A. Portland Cement, 
Athi River, 20/4/03 NKSB; [Pres50B] 
Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula Swamp 
near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, EK, TI, 
KA, MKh, MB 

Alpine Swift (A#417): [Pres 63B] Mt 
Kenya Chogoria Route, 24-25/8/02, 
JB; [Post pres 88B] Kibwezi Forest, 
9/5/03, BF, IS, BdB; [Pres 51C] Mt 
Kenya Safari Club, 18/4/03, JN, EM 

Forbes-Watson Swift (A#420): [Pres 
114C] Baobab Resort Diani Beach, 
3/01/04, BdB 

Narina Trogon (A#428): [Pres 88B] 
Kibwezi Forest, 9/5/03, BF, IS, BdB 

Giant Kingfisher (A#430): [Pres 103A] 
Sabaki River Mouth, Malindi, 31/5/03, 

Violet Wood-hoopoe (A#460): [Pres 
63C] road to Siakago, 1 st entrance from 
Embu town, 31/3/03, IS, BF, RB, AB 

Crowned Hornbill (A#474): [Pres 62C] 
Eburu Forest, 2/8/03, DGa, MZ 

African Grey Hornbill (A#475): 
[Pres 62B] Naro Moru River Lodge, 

24/11/02, EN, JN 

Spot-flanked Barbet (A#484): [Pres 
62B] Sosian Ranch, Laikipia, 3- 
9/2/04, RT, SL & students 

White-eared Barbet: 2 birds seen at 
Mountain Lodge, 04/07/03, BF, MO, 

Red-fronted Tinkerbird (A#493): 

[Pres 114C] Mwazaro Beach, Shimoni, 
2-6/02/03, BdB, ED 

Pallid Honeyguide (A#505): [Pres 
75B] Mt Suswa, 19/4/04, SBW 

Wahlberg's Honeyguide (A#509): 

[Pres50B] Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula 
Swamp near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, 
EK, TI, KA, MKh, MB; [Pres 76C] KARI 
Katumani east of Machakos, 19/4/04, 

Golden-tailed Woodpecker (A#513): 
[Pres 88B] Kibwezi Forest, 9/5/03, BF, 
IS, BdB 

Fine-banded Woodpecker (A#515): 
[Pres 62C] Eburu Forest, 5/8/03, DGa, 

Brown-backed Woodpecker (A#523): 
[Pres 51 D] Ngaia Forest, Tower Road, 
Nyambeni Hills, 9/6/04, BF 

Flappet Lark (A#529): [Pres 88C] 
Amboseli NP, 11-13/7/03, BdB 

Rock Martin (A#560): [Pres 88C] 
Amboseli NP, 11-13/7/03, BdB 

African Penduline Tit (A#586): 
[Pres50B] Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula 
Swamp near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, 
EK, TI, KA, MKh, MB 

Mouse-coloured Penduline Tit 

(A#587): [Pres 88C] Amboseli NP, 11- 
13/7/03, BdB 

African Hill Babbler (A#594): [Pres 
51 C] Mkogodo Forest, Timau, 2- 
16/6/04, TAd, RMu 

Arrow-marked Babbler (A#601): 

[Pres50B] Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula 

October 2008 



Swamp near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, 
EK, TI, KA, MKh, MB 

Grey Cuckoo-shrike (A#607): [Pres 
62C] Eburu Forest, 5/8/03, DGa, MZ, 

Eastern Nicator (A#633): [Pres 
63C] road to Siakago, 3rd 
entrance from Embu 
town, 31/3/03, IS, BF, 

Taita Thrush By: Andrew' Kamiti 

Red-capped Robin-chat (A#669): 

[Pres 51 C] Mkogodo Forest, Timau, 2- 
16/6/04, TAd, RMu 

African Thrush (A#676): [Pres 62C] 
Crater Lake, 25/01/03, WBC 

Little Rush Warbler (A#682): [Pres 
103A] Sabaki River Mouth, 30/6/03, 
BdB, FN, CH, DH, AR; [Pres 88C] 
Amboseli NP, 11-13/7/03, BdB 

Pectoral-patch Cisticola (A#716): 
[Pres 88C] Amboseli NP, 11-13/7/03, 

Wing-snapping Cisticola (A#717): 
[Pres50B] Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula 
Swamp near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, 
EK, TI, KA, MKh, MB; [Pres 51C] 
Mkogodo Forest, Timau, 2-16/6/04, 
TAd, RMu 

Zitting Cisticola (A#719): [Pres 62A] 
southern side of Lake Solai, 27/6/04, 

Desert Cisticola (A#720): [Pres 62A] 
Lake Elmenteita, 25/01/03, WBC 

Ashy Cisticola (A#725): [Pres50B] 
Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula Swamp 
near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, EK, TI, 
KA, MKh, MB 

Boran Cisticola (A#728): [Pres50B] 
Bobong, Ol Maisor, Marula Swamp 
near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, EK, TI, 
KA, MKh, MB 

Tabora Cisticola (A#732): [Pres 74A] 
Maasai Mara, Sabaringo 
Valley, 7/12/03, BF 

Singing Cisticola (A#737): 

[Pres 51 C] Mkogodo Forest, 

Timau, 2-16/6/04, TAd, RMu 

Hunter's Cisticola (A#738): 

[Pres50B] Bobong, Ol Maisor, 

Marula Swamp near Rumuruti, 

12/7/04, WJ, EK, TI, KA, MKh, 


Pale Prinia (A#744): [Pres 88B] 
Kibwezi Forest, Umani Springs Camp, 
Jul - Aug'03, LF 

Buff-bellied Warbler (A#749): [Pres 
76A] Waridi Farm, Athi, 21/3/04, 

Grey Apalis (A#754): [Pres 62C] 
Eburu Forest, 5/8/03, DGa, MZ, MK 

Chestnut-throated Apalis (A#756): 
[Pres 62C] Eburu Forest, 5/8/03, 
DGa, MZ, MK 

Black-headed Apalis (A#757): [Pres 
88B] Kibwezi Forest, 9/5/03, BF, IS, 

African Dusky Flycatcher (A#782): 
[Pres 88C] Amboseli NP, 11-13/7/03, 

Black-and-White Flycatcher (A#794): 

[Pres 88B] Kibwezi Forest, Umani 
Springs Camp, July - August' 03, LF 

Black-headed Batis (A#798): [Pres 
63C] road to Siakago, 1 st entrance from 
Embu town, 31/3/03, IS, BF, RB, AB; 
[Pres 88B] Kibwezi Forest, 9/5/03, 
BF, IS, BdB 

Blue-mantled Crested Flycatcher 
(A#811): [Pres 88B] Kibwezi Forest, 


Volume 12:1/2 


Umani Springs Camp, Jul 


Cape Wagtail (A#829): [Pres50B] 

Bobong, Ol Maisor, Manila Swamp 

near Rumuruti, 12/7/04, WJ, EK, TI, 


Brown-crowned Tchagra (A#840): 

[Pres 103A] Sabaki River Mouth, 
30/6/03, BdB, FN, CH, DH, AR 
Slate-coloured Boubou (A#850): [Pres 
63C] Savage Camp, Sagana, 24/5/03, 


Four-coloured Bush Shrike (A#855): 
[Pres 88B] Kibwezi Forest, 9/5/03, BF, 
IS, BdB 

Long-tailed Fiscal (A#862): [Pres 62B] 

Naro Mom River Lodge, 24/11/02, 


White-crested Helmet-shrike (A#870): 

[Pres 62B] Sosian Ranch, Laikipia, 3- 

9/2/04, RT, SL & students 

Retz's Helmet-shrike (A#872): [Pres 
51D] Ngaia Forest, Tower Road, 
Nyambeni Hills, 9/6/04, BF 

Ruppell's Long-tailed Starling 

(A#881): [Pres50B] Bobong, Ol Maisor, 
Marula Swamp near Rumuruti, 
12/7/04, WJ, EK, TI, KA, MKh, MB 

Abbott's Starling (A#898): [Pres 63B] 

Mt Kenya Chogoria route, 24-25/8/02, 


Scarlet-tufted Malachite Sunbird 

(A#928): [Pres 63B] Mt Kenya Chogoria 
route, 24-25/8/02, JB 

Yellow White-eye (A#937): [Pres 62B] 
Sosian Ranch, Laikipia, 3-9/2/04, RT, 
SL & students 

Abyssinian White-eye (A#939): [Pres 
62D] Kedong Valley Farm, 20/6/04, 

African Golden Weaver (A#946): [Pres 
63C] Savage Camp, Sagana, 24/5/03, 

Aug'03, NKMT 

Vitelline Masked Weaver (A#954): 

[Pres 62C] Crayfish Camp, Naivasha, 
28 /4 to 5/5/03, FoO 

Red-headed Weaver (A#969): [Pres 
75B] Sukari Ranch, 20/8/00, WMBw 

Red-collared Widowbird (A#981): 
[Pres 61A] Kilgoris, 27/5/03, PK 

Hartlaub's Marsh Widowbird 

(A#983): [Pres 37A] Keringet Dam, 
Kongelai Escarpment, 16/8/02, JB: 
[Pres 48C] Mungatsi, 20-22/01/03, IS, 

Red-headed Quelea (A#987): [Pres 
101B] Voi Safari Lodge, 12/6/04, BM, 

Cardinal Quelea (A#988): [Pres 101B] 
Voi Safari Lodge, 12/6/04, BM, AK 

Parasitic Weaver (A#989): [Pres 103A] 
Sabaki River Mouth, 22/6/03, CJ, MG, 


House Sparrow (A#992): [Pres 51B] 
Buffalo Springs NR, 14-16/02/03, SP, 
EB; [Pres 62B] Naro Mom River Lodge, 
23/11/02, EN, JN; [Pres 50D] Mpala 
Research Centre, 14/4/04, SP 

Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weaver 
(A#999): [Pres 37A] Keringet Dam, 
Kongelai Escarpment, 16/8/02, JB; 
[Pres 50C] Lake Bogoria Reserve, 
21/01/04, BM 

Peter's Twinspot (A#1013): [Pres 63C] 
road to Siakago, 1 st entrance from 
Embu town, 31/3/03, IS, BF, RB, AB 

Crimson-rumped Waxbill (A#1031): 

[Pres 103A] Sabaki River Mouth, 
22/6/03, CJ, MG, NM 

Fawn-breasted Waxbill (A#1034): 

[Pres 60C] Ruma NP, Suba District, 
15/6/03, CH 

Zebra Waxbill (A#1039): [Pres 103A] 
Sabaki River Mouth, 1/6/04, A1B, CJ 

October 2008 



Quail Finch (A#1040): [Pres 63C] 
Mwea Rice Field, 27/3/04, NKO 

Grey-headed Silverbill (A#1045): 

[Pres 62B] Sosian Ranch, Laikipia, 3- 
9/2/04, RT, SL & students 

Cut-throat Finch (A#1046): [Pres 63C] 
Mwea Rice Field, 27/3/04, NKO 

Cinnamon-breasted Rock Bunting 
(A#1047): [Pres 61 A] Kilgoris, 27/5/03, 

Yellow-rumped Seedeater (A#1058): 

[Pres 114C] Mwazaro Beach, Shimoni, 
2-6/02/03, BdB, ED 

Northern Grosbeak Canary (A#1060): 

[Pres 50D] Mpala Research Centre, 
22/4/04, SP 

White-bellied Canary (A#1336): [Pres 
62B] Sosian Ranch, Laikipia, 3-9/2/04, 
RT, SL & students 


A1B, Albert Baya, AB, Anne Bishop; 
AbM, Abdallah Mohammed; ABr, 
Alison Brody; AC, A.Cameron; 
AG, Alex Georgiev; AK, Andrew 
Kamiti; ALA, A.L.Archer; AM, Alex 
Mwalimu; AO, Alex Oloo; AR, Ayub 
Kariuki; BC, B.Cameron; BCI, Bill 
Clark; BdB, Bernd de Bruijn; BeM, 
Betty Mugambi; BF, Brian Finch; BG, 
Bernard Gitari; BM, Ben Mugambi; 
CH, Chris Hill; CJ, Colin Jackson; CK, 
Carol Kruger; CKa, Chege Kariuki; 
DA, Dennie Augwin; DF, David Fisher; 
DFr, Dennis Friesen; DGa, Douglas 
Gachucha; DH, Duncan Himes; DHe, 
D.Hewett; DiM, Dino Martins; DK, 
David Kioko; DM, David Murithi; DN, 
David Ngala; EA, E.Archer; EB, Erik 
Buchwald; EH, Elizabeth Hamilton; 
EHa, Eric Harris; EK, Elias Kamande; 
EM, Elizabeth Maloba; FA, Francis 
Argyle; FL, Francis Lomojo; FN, 
Faridah Noor; FNg, Fleur Ng'weno; 

FoO, Fundamentals of Ornithology; 
GD, G.Davey; GE, Gongalo Elias; 
GEsh, George Eshiamwata; GM, G. 
Mbitu; GS, Gretchen Scholtz; GSp, 
Gert Spierenburg; HH, Helen Harris; 
IB, Inderjeet Bilkhu; IS, Itai Shanni; JA, 
Jimmy Allen; J ACH, J AC Hewett; Jam, 
Japheth Amila; JB, Jeremy Bird; JBa, 
Jonathan Baya; JH, John Hornbuckle; 
JK, Joseph Kariuki; JKa, Jacky Kaye; 
JKo, Jairus Koki; JM, James Mwangi; 
JaM, Jane Mayers; JMu, Jack Mugambi; 
JMwa, Jonathan Mwachongo; JN, John 
Nzau; JNd, John Ndegwa; JMu, John 
Musina; JoM, John Mayers; KA, Kevin 
Apidi; KABICOTOA, Kakamega 
Biodiversity Conservation and Tour 
Operator Association; KP, Karen 
Plumbe; KN, Kariuki Ndang'ang'a; 
KD, Kristin Davis; KdJ, Klaas ed 
Jong; KEEP, Kakamega Enviromental 
Programme; KH, K.Hewett; KWS, 
Kenya Wildlife Service; LF, Louise 
Fordyce; MB, Marula Birders; MC, 
Mike Clifton; MG, Matt Gurney; MH, 
Maia Hemphill; MD, Mike Davidson; 
MK, Martin Kahindi; MKh, Moses 
Khazalwa; MKi, Mary Kitemwa; MM, 
Mary Muhunga; MO, Mel Ogola; Mod, 
Moses Odhiambo; MR, Marlene Reid; 
MS, Mark Smith; MSi, M. Sinyerer; 
MT, 'Munchpile Team'; MuK, Muoki 
Kioko; MV, Munir Virani; MW, Mike 
Wairoma; MZ, Martha Z; NbiRG, 
Nairobi Ringing Group; NG, Nick 
Georgiadis; NH, Nigel Hunter; NKa, 
Nancy Kaguthi; NKMT, Nature Kenya 
Members Trip; NKO, Nature Kenya 
Members Outing; NKo, Nicholas 
Korir; NM, Nancy Munene; NMwa, 
Nicholas Mwangi; NN, Nichodemus 
Nalianya; NS, N. Slabbehoorn; NSoS, 
Nixon Sailepu ole Setei; Pah, Paul 
Harris; PP, Patrick Plumbe; PD, P. 
Davey; PF, Peter Faull; PH, Philip 


Volume 12:1/2 


Hechle; PHe, Pat Hemphill; PK, Paul 
Kirui; PL, Peter Lindsey; QL, Quentin 
Luke; RB, Richard Bishop; RBri, Rui 
Brito; RJB, R.J. Barnley; RM, Rashid 
Malibe; RMu, Ronald Mulwa; Rose; 
RT, Rodger Titman; SBW, Sunday 
Birdwalk Group; SJ, Sophia Jilo; SL, 
Steve Lougheed; SP, Shailesh Patel; 
SR, Stephanie Romanach; ST, Stephen 
Siegfried; STa, Sulyn Talbot; SV, 
Simon Valle; SVCG, Summit Ventures 

Conservation Group; TA, Tony Archer; 
TAd, Titus Adhola; TG, Thomas 
Guindon; TI, Takashi Iwamoto; Tim, 
Titus Imboma; TK, Thomas Kazungu; 
TM, Thomas Mwangi; TS, Terry 
Steveson; WBC, Waterbird Counts 
WJ, Wawire James; WK, Willy Kombe 
WKn, Will Knocker; WMa, Wambui 
Maina; WMBw, Wednesday Morning 
Birdwalk; WN, Wilson Nderitu; WT, 
Weaver Team; ZM, Zachary Methu 

Hemprich's Hombill 
By: Edwin Selempo 

October 2008 


.; * 

"O i'rd s of the /-\i 

on Ljulbul' 

ommon nulouls 


Volume 12:1/2 



Texi an<\ Photos Qy. |~^eter LJsh 


Most casual observers 
are more likely to see 
a bird in flight rather 
than perched. Yet the majority of 
bird photographs are portraits, 
hopefully sharp, facing the camera 
and with a highlight in the bird's 
eye. Let's be realistic! Birds are 
very difficult to capture in flight. 
It requires a high shutter speed 
or a very fast film, an ability to 
focus on a moving object whose 
distance from the lens is constantly 
changing and a requirement to 
accurately assess exposure of an 
object pictured against an often 

significantly different background 
- or worse - a white bird against 
white clouds. In the past, flying 
birds presented an almost 
intractable problem. Cameras 
were unwieldy when fitted with 
a long telephoto lens. Birds could 
not be contained in the viewfmder. 
Manual focusing was impossible 
and camera shake inevitable. Hats 
off then to those experts of former 
years who produced masterpieces 
of movement. Did we ever spare 
a though as to how much film was 
wasted before that perfect moment 
was immortalized? 

October 2008 


I am a bird photographer. I 
specialize in birds in flight. Not 
because I have the abilities of those 
former masters, but only because 
new technology has provided the 
means to overcome those problems 
of speed, steadiness, exposure 
control and an ability to maintain 
focus on a rapidly moving object. 
Add to that a computer and 
software of seemingly magical 
performance and any of us 
can become an instant expert. 
However, this is not for the casual 
snapper. Good tools still come at 
a high cost although it is fair to 
say that, although expensive, they 
represent good value. 

So what do you need to photograph 
birds in flight? The digital age has 
changed the way we approach 
photography. The high cost of film 
and chemical processing has been 
replaced by the reusable media 
card and the darkroom has become 
obsolete. Cameras however are 
more expensive and to do the job 
well, it is necessary to have a top- 
end model with a high resolution 
chip coupled to a long telephoto 
lens of the highest quality. The lens 
must be light and compact enough 
to be hand-held, have reliable 
auto-focus and be electronically 
image-stabilized so as to ensure 
the necessary sharpness of the 

image. Even the most basic of this 
type of lens is expensive and top of 
the range, dedicated lenses can cost 
thousands of dollars. Of course, 
technique is still essential and an 
equivalent "fast filmspeed", in 
electronic terms, the ISO setting 
-high shutter speeds measured 
in thousands of seconds- and an 
adjustable exposure control, must 
all be set by the photographer. All 
you then need is location and a 
very large slice of luck! 

Viewing your images back at 
your base can often result in 
disappointment. Most of your 
pictures will be tiny, out-of-focus 
silhouettes, fit only to discard. Even 
the best of them will require the 
tender, loving care of Photoshop 
to reveal colours and textures and 
if necessary replace backgrounds 
- but that's another story! 

Accompanying photos: 

Page 55: Yellow-billed Stork and 
African Spoonbills 

Page 56: Long-crested Eagle 

Page 57: Black-winged Stilts 

Back cover: Greater Blue-eared 


Volume 12:1/2 



Greater Blue-eared Starling 
Peter usher 


«™ BirdLife 






The Ea«l Africa Natural History Society